Predictors of mortality after androgen-deprivation therapy in patients with rapidly rising prostate-specific antigen levels after local therapy for prostate cancer

Neesha A. Rodrigues*, Ming Hui Chen, William J. Catalona, Kimberly A. Roehl, Jerome P. Richie, Anthony V. D'Amico

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. The authors identified biochemical and pathologic factors that were associated significantly with prostate cancer-specific mortality (PCSM) after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in men who had rapidly rising prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after they received local treatment. METHODS. The study population consisted of 67 patients who had a PSA doubling time (DT) ≤6 months after radical prostatectomy (n = 50 patients) or external beam radiation therapy (n = 17 patients) for localized prostate cancer. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was used to evaluate whether the interval to PSA failure, pre-ADT PSA DT, PSA level at the time of ADT initiation, time to PSA nadir, PSA nadir after 8 months on ADT, and Gleason score were associated significantly with the time to PCSM 8 months after the initiation of ADT. RESULTS. A PSA nadir >0.2 ng/mL (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 8.0; 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.7-38.7; P = 0.009) and a Gleason score ≥8 (adjusted HR, 5.2; 95% CI 1.3-20.6; P = 0.02) were associated significantly with a short time to PCSM. The cumulative incidence estimates of 3-year PCSM were 58% versus 50.9% for patients with a PSA nadir ≤0.2 ng/mL versus >0.2 ng/mL, respectively, and 10.8% versus 35.8% for patients who had tumors with a Gleason score ≤7 versus ≥8, respectively. CONCLUSIONS. Among men with a PSA DT ≤6 months, both a PSA nadir >0.2 ng/ mL after ADT and a Gleason score ≥8 cancer identified men who were at high risk for PCSM. These men would be ideal candidates for Phase III studies that evaluate the impact on survival of new systemic therapies for prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)514-520
Number of pages7
JournalCancer
Volume107
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2006

Keywords

  • Androgen deprivation
  • Biochemical failure
  • Prognostic factors
  • Prostate carcinoma
  • Prostate-specific antigen nadir

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Predictors of mortality after androgen-deprivation therapy in patients with rapidly rising prostate-specific antigen levels after local therapy for prostate cancer'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this