Predictors of Readmissions and Reoperations Related to Venous Thromboembolic Events After Spine Surgery: A Single-Institution Experience with 6869 Patients

Michael Cloney, Ekamjeet S. Dhillon, Helena Roberts, Zachary A. Smith, Tyler R. Koski, Nader S. Dahdaleh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Readmission and reoperation are used as hospital and surgeon quality metrics. Venous thromboembolic (VTE) events, including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (PE), are a major cause of readmission, morbidity, and mortality after spine surgery. Specific procedural, perioperative, and patient characteristics may be associated with these outcomes. Methods: We retrospectively examined records from 6869 consecutive spine surgeries at our institution. We collected data on patient demographics, surgery, hospital course, and 30-day rates of VTE, readmission, reoperation, and epidural hematoma. Stepwise multivariable logistic regression was used to identify independent predictors of each outcome. Results: Factors associated with VTE within 30 days of surgery include a history of VTE (odds ratio [OR] 3.92 [confidence interval 1.83–8.36], P < 0.001), estimated blood loss (EBL; OR 1.017 [1.005–1.029], P = 0.004), fracture (OR 5.42 [2.09–14.05], P = 0.001), history of PE (OR 4.04 [1.22–13.42], P = 0.023), and transfusion (OR 2.26 [1.07–4.77], P = 0.033). Factors associated with readmission were a history of PE (OR 3.27 [1.07–9.97], P = 0.038), PE (OR 8.07 [2.26–28.8], P = 0.001), transfusion (OR 2.54 [1.55–4.17], P < 0.001), comorbid disease burden (OR 1.35 [1.01–1.80], P = 0.041), and tumor surgery (OR 2.84 [1.32–6.10], P = 0.007). Factors associated with reoperation were EBL (OR 1.024 [1.006–1.042], P = 0.008), transfusion (OR 3.86 [1.38–10.79], P = 0.01), and PE (OR 6.05 [1.03–35.62], P = 0.046). Transfusion was associated with epidural hematoma within 30 days (OR 7.38 [1.37–39.83], P = 0.02). Conclusions: Transfusion and EBL are associated with numerous negative outcomes. Transfusion is an independent predictor of VTE, readmission, reoperation, and epidural hematoma requiring evacuation. Specific pathologies were associated with specific negative outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e91-e97
JournalWorld neurosurgery
Volume111
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Epidural hematoma
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Readmission
  • Reoperation
  • Spine surgery
  • Transfusion
  • Venous thromboembolism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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