Preexisting Rotator Cuff Tears as a Predictor of Outcomes in National Football League Athletes

Daniel B. Gibbs*, T. Sean Lynch, M. Mustafa Gombera, Matthew D. Saltzman, Gordon W. Nuber, Gregory D. Schroeder, Mark Labelle, Brian P. Hollett

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: A preexisting rotator cuff tear may affect the draft status and career performance of National Football League (NFL) players. Hypothesis: Preexisting rotator cuff tears decrease a player’s draft status, performance, and longevity in the NFL. Study Design: Retrospective cohort study. Level of Evidence: Level 3. Methods: Medical reports of prospective NFL players during the NFL Scouting Combine from 2003 to 2011 were evaluated to identify players with a previous rotator cuff tear. Athletes were matched to control draftees without documented shoulder pathology by age, position, year drafted, and round drafted. Career statistics and performance scores were calculated. Results: Between 2003 and 2011, 2965 consecutive athletes were evaluated. Forty-nine athletes had preexisting rotator cuff tears: 22 athletes underwent surgical intervention for their tear and 27 were treated nonoperatively. Those with a rotator cuff tear were significantly less likely to be drafted than those without a previous injury (55.1% vs 77.5%, P = 0.002). The 27 drafted athletes with preexisting rotator cuff tears started significantly fewer games (23.7 vs 43.0, P = 0.02) and played significantly fewer years (4.3 vs 5.7, P = 0.04) and significantly fewer games (47.1 vs 68.4, P = 0.04) than matched control athletes without rotator cuff tears. Conclusion: Athletes with a preexisting rotator cuff tear were less likely to be drafted and had decreased career longevity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)250-254
Number of pages5
JournalSports Health
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Keywords

  • athletes
  • football
  • rotator cuff tears
  • shoulder injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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    Gibbs, D. B., Lynch, T. S., Gombera, M. M., Saltzman, M. D., Nuber, G. W., Schroeder, G. D., Labelle, M., & Hollett, B. P. (2016). Preexisting Rotator Cuff Tears as a Predictor of Outcomes in National Football League Athletes. Sports Health, 8(3), 250-254. https://doi.org/10.1177/1941738116636602