Preferential denervation of the adductor muscles of the equine larynx I: muscle pathology

I. D. DUNCAN*, J. AMUNDSON, P. A. CUDDON, R. SUFIT, K. F. JACKSON, W. A. LINDSAY

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

The laryngeal muscles of 18 horses were examined histologically. The neurogenic changes found in each muscle were scored by four reviewers and the results evaluated statistically. Fifteen of these horses had endoscopic evidence of abnormal laryngeal function, three of which were defined as having adductor paralysis. Measurement of muscle fibre area in two horses with idiopathic laryngeal hemiplegia (ILH) was performed. In the quantitative study of neurogenic change, the adductor muscles were more significantly affected than the abductor muscle. This was also true in the clinical cases of ILH where measurement of muscle Fibre area demonstrated that the lateral cricoarytenoid (adductor) muscle showed a wider range of pathological changes than the dorsal cricoarytenoid muscle (abductor). Those horses with the most severe muscle pathology also had the most abnormal endoscopic findings. The propensity for denervation of the adductor muscles should provide clues as to the pathogenesis and natural history of horses with sub‐clinical laryngeal disease and ILH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-98
Number of pages5
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

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