The pretransplant risk assessment for patients with ESKD who are undergoing evaluation for kidney transplant is complex and multifaceted. When considering cardiovascular disease in particular, many factors should be considered. Given the increasing incidence of kidney transplantation and the growing body of evidence addressing ESKD-specific cardiovascular risk profiles, there is an important need for a consolidated, evidence-based model that considers the unique cardiovascular challenges that these patients face. Cardiovascular physiology is altered in these patients by abrupt shifts in volume status, altered calcium-phosphate metabolism, high-output states (in the setting of arteriovenous fistulization), and adverse geometric and electrical remodeling, to name a few. Here, we present a contemporary review by addressing cardiomyopathy/heart failure, pulmonary hypertension, valvular dysfunction, and arrhythmia/sudden cardiac death within the ESKD population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology|
|State||Published - Nov 7 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine