Preoperative Prostate Specific Antigen Doubling Time is Not a Useful Predictor of Biochemical Progression After Radical Prostatectomy

Stacy Loeb, Donghui Kan, Xiaoying Yu, Kimberly A. Roehl, William J. Catalona*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Postoperative prostate specific antigen doubling time may be used as a surrogate for prostate cancer specific mortality in patients with biochemical recurrence after radical prostatectomy. Less is known about the usefulness of preoperative prostate specific antigen doubling time for the initial prediction of prostatectomy outcomes. Materials and Methods: Preoperative prostate specific antigen doubling time was calculated in 1,208 men from a large prostate cancer screening study who were treated with radical prostatectomy. We examined the relationship of prostate specific antigen doubling time with tumor features and biochemical progression-free survival. Results: Overall prostate specific antigen doubling time was associated with nonorgan confined disease (OR 0.996, 95% CI 0.992-0.999, p = 0.013) but not with biochemical progression (HR 1.000, 95% CI 0.998-1.001, p = 0.66). Using previously published 18 and 36-month thresholds for prostate specific antigen doubling time there was no significant relationship between doubling time and specific adverse pathological features or biochemical progression. Using the concordance index prostate specific antigen doubling time did not enhance the prediction of biochemical progression beyond that achieved by a model with prostate specific antigen, clinical stage and biopsy Gleason score. Conclusions: In our series of men with newly diagnosed, clinically localized prostate cancer shorter preoperative prostate specific antigen doubling time was associated with nonorgan confined disease but not with biochemical progression after radical prostatectomy. All calculations of prostate specific antigen kinetics may not be equivalent. Caution should be exercised when using prostate specific antigen doubling time in the pretreatment setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1816-1821
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Urology
Volume183
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

Keywords

  • prostate
  • prostate-specific antigen
  • prostatectomy
  • prostatic neoplasms
  • risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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