Objective: Preoperative renal dysfunction is an established risk factor for early and late mortality after revascularization. We studied how renal function affects long-term survival of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: Early and late mortality were determined retrospectively among consecutive patients having isolated coronary bypass at a single Dutch institution between January 1998 and December 2007. Patients were stratified into 4 groups according to preoperative renal function. Expected survival was gauged using a general Dutch population group that was obtained from the database of the Dutch Central Bureau for Statistics; for each of our renal function groups, a general population group was assembled by matching for age, gender, and year of operation. Results: After excluding 122 patients lost to follow-up, 10,626 patients were studied; in 10,359, preoperative creatinine clearance could be calculated. Multivariate logistic regression and Cox regression analysis identified renal dysfunction as a predictor for early and late mortality. When long-term survival of patient groups was compared with expected survival, only patients with a creatinine clearance less than 30 mL · min-1 showed a worse outcome. Patients with a creatinine clearance between 60 and 90 mL · min-1 had a long-term survival exceeding the expected survival. Conclusions: Severity of renal dysfunction was related to poor survival. When compared with expected survival, however, patients having coronary bypass had a worse outcome only when severe preoperative renal dysfunction was present.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine