Preparation, characterization and thermal degradation of polyimide (4-APS/BTDA)/SiO 2 composite films

Mansor Bin Ahmad, Yadollah Gharayebi, Mohd Sapuan Salit, Mohd Zobir Hussein, Saeideh Ebrahimiasl, Arash Dehzangi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations


Polyimide/SiO 2 composite films were prepared from tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and poly(amic acid) (PAA) based on aromatic diamine (4-aminophenyl sulfone) (4-APS) and aromatic dianhydride (3,3,4,4-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride) (BTDA) via a sol-gel process in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidinone (NMP). The prepared polyimide/SiO 2 composite films were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The FTIR results confirmed the synthesis of polyimide (4-APS/BTDA) and the formation of SiO 2 particles in the polyimide matrix. Meanwhile, the SEM images showed that the SiO 2 particles were well dispersed in the polyimide matrix. Thermal stability and kinetic parameters of the degradation processes for the prepared polyimide/SiO 2 composite films were investigated using TGA in N 2 atmosphere. The activation energy of the solid-state process was calculated using Flynn-Wall-Ozawa's method without the knowledge of the reaction mechanism. The results indicated that thermal stability and the values of the calculated activation energies increased with the increase of the TEOS loading and the activation energy also varied with the percentage of weight loss for all compositions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4860-4872
Number of pages13
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012


  • Activation energy
  • Polyimide
  • Silica
  • Thermogravimetric analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Catalysis
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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