Presence of hiv-1 r5 viruses in cerebrospinal fluid even in patients harboring r5x4/x4 viruses in plasma

Cathia Soulié*, Roland Tubiana, Anne Simon, Sidonie Lambert-Niclot, Isabelle Malet, Ana Canestri, Christel Brunet, Robert Murphy, Christine Katlama, Vincent Calvez, Anne Geneviève Marcelin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: HIV-1 viruses have the ability to use CCR5 or CXCR4 coreceptors either solely (R5 or X4) or in combination (R5X4). The CCR5 antagonists block HIV entry into the cell and are specifically active against HIV-1 R5 strains. The objectives of this study were to investigate the predicted tropism of viruses present in paired cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma in a group of 22 HIV-1-infected patients with neurological disorders and to search for eventual discordance of predicted virus tropism between both compartments. METHODS: Paired CSF and plasma samples were selected from subjects harboring neurological disorders. V3 env was amplified and bulk sequenced, and HIV-1 coreceptor usage was determined from the V3 env region sequence by Geno2Pheno and position-specific scoring matrices (PSSM) algorithms. RESULTS: The majority of subjects (19 of 22) had concordant virus predicted tropism in both compartments. All patients having R5-tropic viruses in plasma had R5-tropic viruses in CSF (17 of 22). Patients having R5X4/X4-tropic viruses in plasma could have R5X4/X4-using (2 of 22) or R5-tropic viruses (3 of 22) in CSF. The case of R5-tropic viruses in plasma and R5X4/X4-tropic viruses in CSF was never observed. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of these patients have R5-using viruses in CSF that is mainly concordant with the predicted tropism in plasma. However, R5X4/X4 tropism in plasma does not necessarily mean the same predicted tropism in CSF compartment. Then, clinical therapeutic trials testing the clinical response to the CCR5 antagonists in patients with neurological disorders could be envisaged to analyze the effects of this therapeutic class in this setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-64
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
Volume51
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2009

Keywords

  • CCR5 antagonist
  • Cerebrospinal fluid
  • Compartment
  • Coreceptor
  • Tropism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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