Prestin topology: Localization of protein epitopes in relation to the plasma membrane

Jing Zheng*, Kevin B. Long, Weixing Shen, Laird D. Madison, Peter Dallos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

84 Scopus citations

Abstract

Computer modeling of the outer hair cell (OHC) motor protein prestin produces ambiguous results regarding transmembrane regions and localization of its termini. To determine the location of prestin's N- and C-termini, we created prestin constructs with synthetic epitopes located immediately upstream or downstream of prestin. The spatial distribution of these epitopes was studied in prestin-transfected cells using immunofluorescence. In permeabilized cells, antibodies label the plasma membrane of 30% of the cells, reflecting transfection efficiency. Under non-permeabilizing conditions, the few labeled cells also displayed a lack of plasma membrane integrity. These data suggest that prestin's N-and C-termini are cytoplasmic. Furthermore, prestin staining in OHCs was observed only under permeabilizing conditions. These results implicate prestin's N- and C-termini as portions that may interact with other cytoplasmic proteins. A model of prestin membrane topology is also considered based on the results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1929-1935
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroreport
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 3 2001

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Keywords

  • Anion transporters
  • DRA
  • Outer hair cells
  • PDS
  • Prestin
  • SLC26A6
  • Topology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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