Prevalence of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and atopy in adult patients with cystic fibrosis

Jonathan W. Becker, Wylie Burke, Gwen McDonald, Paul A. Greenberger, William R. Henderson, Moira L. Aitken*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

101 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Underestimation of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) prevalence in the cystic fibrosis (CF) population is suspected due to nonuniform diagnostic criteria, nonspecific signs and symptoms, assessment during asymptomatic intervals, and physician nonaggressiveness in making the diagnosis. Objective: To define the prevalence of ABPA in adult patients with CF, as the increased duration of bronchiectasis may increase the probability of Aspergillus fumigatus (Af) colonization. We also sought to determine whether atopy increases the prevalence of ABPA in adults with CF. Methods: We examined a cross-sectional population of adult patients with CF at the University of Washington for 1 year. Results: Information was collected on 53 of 65 (82%) patients. Fifteen of 51 (29%) had an immediate skin test reaction to Af, and 30 of 51 (59%) had at least one positive skin test. Increased total serum IgE (>450 IU/mL) was present in 0 of 53; increased IgE-Af and IgG-Af were found in 12 of 53 (23%) and 9 of 53 (17%), respectively; 24 of 53 (45%) had Af-precipitins. Peripheral blood eosinophilia was present in one patient. Eight of 49 (16%) patients' sputum cultures grew Af. ABPA-CB (ABPA- central bronchiectasis) was present in one patient and ABPA-S (ABPA- seropositive) in no patients. Atopy was present in 20 of 51 (39%). Conclusion: There was a low prevalence of ABPA in the adult CF population despite frequent immunologic responses to Af. The prevalence of ABPA was too small to determine an association with atopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1536-1540
Number of pages5
JournalCHEST
Volume109
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis
  • atopy
  • cystic fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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