Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection in pregnant women with and without HIV in Jos, Nigeria

Francis A. Magaji*, Mark O. Okolo, Esther S. Yiltok, William Golit, Stephen A. Anzaku, Jerry Ogwuche, Victor C. Pam, Amaka N. Ocheke, Jonah Musa, Christien Isichie, Godwin E. Imade, Josiah T. Mutihir, Benjamin T. Ugwu, Ohei Agbaji, Solomon A. Sagay, Ayuba I. Zoakah, Susan E. Cohn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To compare the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in pregnant women with and without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Jos, Nigeria. Methods: This comparative cross-sectional study of pregnant women was undertaken between 1 November 2017 and 30 April 2018. Informed consent was obtained, demographic data and predictors for HBV were collected, and all women were screened for HIV and HBV. Descriptive statistics and multivariate analyses using STATA Version 15 were performed. Results: Of 3238 women enrolled, 12.6% and 7.2% of those with and without HIV had HBV, respectively (P = 0.01). Women with HIV, higher parity [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 0.68, P < 0.01], lower gestational age (aOR 1.04, P < 0.01) and without prior HBV vaccination (aOR 0.40, P < 0.01) were significantly more likely to have HBV infection. Conclusions: Among pregnant women, the prevalence of HBV was higher among those with HIV. Predictors of HBV included being multigravida or grand-multigravida, registration for antenatal care before 20 weeks of gestation, and no prior HBV vaccination. In settings with endemic HBV and HIV, integration of effective HBV and HIV prevention services could greatly decrease the transmission and prevalence of HBV.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)276-281
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume104
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Hepatitis B virus infection
  • HIV
  • Nigeria
  • Pregnancy
  • Risk factors
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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