Prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in Peru: The PREVENCION study

Josefina Medina-Lezama, Oscar L. Morey-Vargas, Humberto Zea-Díaz, Juan F. Bolaños-Salazar, Fernando Corrales-Medina, Carolina Cuba-Bustinza, Diana Andrea Chirinos Medina, Julio A. Chirinos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To estimate the prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors in the adult population of Arequipa, the second largest city in Peru. Methods. The prevalence and patterns of smoking, alcohol drinking, lack of physical activity, high-fat diet, and low fruit and vegetable intake were evaluated among 1 878 subjects (867 men and 1 011 women) in a population-based study. Results. The age-standardized prevalence of current smoking, former smoking, and never smoking were 21.6%, 14.3%, and 64.1%, respectively. The prevalence of current smoking was significantly higher in men than women (31.1% vs. 12.1%;P < 0.01). The prevalence of current alcohol use was 37.7% and significantly higher in men than women (55.5% vs. 19.7%; P < 0.02). Similarly, the prevalence of binge drinking was 21.2%, and the percentage of men who binge drink (36.1%) was significantly higher than for women (6.4%; P < 0.01). The vast majority of alcohol drinkers reported a pattern of alcohol consumption mainly on weekends and holidays rather than regular drinking with meals during the week. The proportion of insufficiently active people was 57.6% and was significantly higher in women than men (63.3% vs. 51.9%; P < 0.01). Overall, 42.0% of adults reported consuming high-fat diets, 34.5% reported low fruit intake, and 33.3% reported low vegetable intake. Conclusions. The high prevalence of lifestyle-related cardiovascular risk factors found in this Andean population is of concern. Preventive programs are urgently needed to deal with this growing problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)169-179
Number of pages11
JournalRevista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American Journal of Public Health
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2008

Keywords

  • Alcohol drinking
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Diet
  • Peru
  • Physical activity
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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