Preventing Pediatric Medical Traumatic Stress in a Pediatric Urology Outpatient Setting: Application of the Pediatric Psychosocial Preventative Health Model (PPPHM)

Lillian C. Hayes*, Jaclyn A. Shepard, Michelle M. Soohoo, Christina M. Rouse, Jaclyn L. Papadakis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objectives of this topical review are to (1) increase understanding of pediatric medical traumatic stress (PMTS) in pediatric urology populations through literature review, (2) identify a theoretical model to guide prevention of PMTS in this population, and (3) provide clinical care recommendations based on the model identified. Authors introduce a new term "uropsychology"to describe psychological practice that specializes in the treatment of urology patients. Methods: Pediatric uropsychologists from 5 pediatric medical care centers gathered to discuss their experience with treating PMTS in their settings and to review existing literature related to PMTS in pediatric urology, PMTS in other populations, and established models for prevention. Authors provide recommendations based on literature review for preventing PMTS in a pediatric urology population. Results: Gaps in the evidence base for preventing PMTS in this population are identified. Authors provide a series of clinical care recommendations, utilizing clinical experience, and the Pediatric Psychosocial Preventative Health Model (PPPHM) as a framework. Conclusions: While there is limited research on PMTS in pediatric urology populations, urologic interventions can be perceived as invasive, painful, distressing, and traumatic. Application of the PPPHM can guide prevention and intervention efforts. Future research is needed to characterize PMTS in this population, evaluate the efficacy of trauma-informed prevention and intervention practices, and develop screening measures that accurately identify at-risk patients. Authors recommend intradisciplinary collaboration among uropsychologists, urology specialists, and patients and families to create formal standards of care, avenues for other future research, and equitable access to uropsychology care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-265
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of pediatric psychology
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2024

Keywords

  • healthcare services and utilization
  • nephrology and urology
  • post-traumatic stress and trauma
  • prevention science
  • psychosocial intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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