PRIC320, a transcription coactivator, isolated from peroxisome proliferator-binding protein complex

Sailesh Surapureddi, Navin Viswakarma, Songtao Yu, Dongsheng Guo, M. Sambasiva Rao, Janardan K. Reddy*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ciprofibrate, a potent peroxisome proliferator, induces pleiotropic responses in liver by activating peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), a nuclear receptor. Transcriptional regulation by liganded nuclear receptors involves the participation of coregulators that form multiprotein complexes possibly to achieve cell and gene specific transcription. SDS-PAGE and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization reflection time-of-flight mass spectrometric analyses of ciprofibrate-binding proteins from liver nuclear extracts obtained using ciprofibrate-Sepharose affinity matrix resulted in the identification of a new high molecular weight nuclear receptor coactivator, which we designated PRIC320. The full-length human cDNA encoding this protein has an open-reading frame that codes for a 320 kDa protein containing 2882 amino acids. PRIC320 contains five LXXLL signature motifs that mediate interaction with nuclear receptors. PRIC320 binds avidly to nuclear receptors PPARα, CAR, ERα, and RXR, but only minimally with PPARγ. PRIC320 also interacts with transcription cofactors CBP, PRIP, and PBP. Immunoprecipitation-immunoblotting as well as cellular localization studies confirmed the interaction between PPARα and PRIC320. PRIC320 acts as a transcription coactivator by stimulating PPARα-mediated transcription. We conclude that ciprofibrate, a PPARα ligand, binds a multiprotein complex and PRIC320 cloned from this complex functions as a nuclear receptor coactivator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)535-543
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume343
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 5 2006

Keywords

  • Ciprofibrate-binding proteins
  • Nuclear receptor coactivator
  • PBP/MED1
  • PPARα
  • PRIC320
  • Peroxisome proliferators
  • Quantitative PCR

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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