DICER1 tumor predisposition syndrome is a rare genetic disorder that predisposes individuals to multiple benign and malignant neoplasms. The phenotype is vast and includes pleuropulmonary blastoma (PPB), thyroid nodules, cystic nephroma, Wilms tumor, ovarian Sertoli–Leydig cell tumor, and medulloepithelioma, among others. Herein, we describe a patient with a DICER1 germline pathogenic variant presenting with two neoplasms that are not commonly encountered in the context of DICER1 syndrome. The first tumor is a multiloculated cystic hepatic lesion with a biphasic pattern, composed of cysts lined by bland biliary type (CK19-positive) epithelium surrounded by a condensation of sarcomatous spindled cell proliferation in a myxoid stroma. This neoplasm resembled PPB or cystic nephroma with malignant transformation. The second tumor is a chest nodule consistent with low-grade hidradenocarcinoma. Although it is difficult to speculate with just a single case, these unusual neoplasms occurring in particular at a young age raises the possibility that they can be inherent to, and thus, be part of the DICER1 tumor predisposition syndrome phenotype.
- hepatic cyst
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine