Objective: We examined the association between induction type and outcomes of live-donor pediatric kidney recipients on tacrolimus and mycophenolate maintenance. Material and Methods: We analyzed the SRTR standard analysis file to evaluate primary live-donor pediatric kidney recipients between 2000 and 2018. Recipients were grouped by induction type into three groups: alemtuzumab n = 289, anti-thymocyte n = 1197, and IL-2RA n = 1625. Kaplan-Meier curves were generated for recipient and death-censored graft survival. Predictors of recipient and allograft survival were examined using Cox proportional hazards models. Models were adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, renal failure etiology, HLA-mismatches, transplant year, steroid maintenance, preemptive transplantation, payor type, and donor factors such as age, sex, and donor-recipient relationship. The transplant center was included as a random effect to account for inter-center variability. Results: Rejection rates at 6 months (Alemtuzumab 9.5% vs. r-ATG 5.7% vs. IL2-RA 5.3%; P:.023) and 12 months (Alemtuzumab 14.5% vs. r-ATG 10.8% vs. IL2-RA 9%; P:.028) were significantly higher in the alemtuzumab group. PTLD rate (Alemtuzumab 0.8% vs. r-ATG 2.2% vs. IL2-RA 1%; P:.028) was significantly higher in the anti-thymocyte group. In the multivariable models, induction type did not influence patient or death-censored graft survival within ten years post-transplant. Conclusion: In this large cohort of standard immunological risk primary pediatric live-donor kidney recipients, as compared to IL-2RA, neither alemtuzumab nor anti-thymocyte globulin was associated with improved long-term graft or recipient survival. In the first year post-transplant, recipients of alemtuzumab induction had a higher rejection rate, while PTLD was more frequently observed in the anti-thymocyte recipients.
- kidney transplant
- living Donor
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health