Prior knowledge for the construction of a scientific model of equilibration

Hillary Swanson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The Next Generation Science Standards charge U.S. teachers with the task of including patterns, as a crosscutting concept, in their science curriculum. This study explores prior knowledge that is relevant to students' construction of a scientific model of an equilibration pattern. A Knowledge in Pieces lens is applied to video transcript of a class discussion on thermal equilibration in order to identify elements of students' prior knowledge that might be productive for their construction of a scientific model of equilibration. The discussion occurred near the beginning of a unit on equilibration, in the middle of a yearlong pattern-based curriculum. Twenty-one 8th grade students participated in the class. Six previously undocumented knowledge elements are identified, characterized, and considered in terms of their potential productivity for helping students construct a difference drives rate model of equilibration. These findings contribute to literature concerned with the productivity of prior knowledge in conceptual change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication12th International Conference of the Learning Sciences, ICLS 2016
Subtitle of host publicationTransforming Learning, Empowering Learners, Proceedings
EditorsChee-Kit Looi, Joseph L. Polman, Ulrike Cress, Peter Reimann
PublisherInternational Society of the Learning Sciences (ISLS)
Pages162-169
Number of pages8
Volume1
ISBN (Electronic)9780990355090
StatePublished - 2016
Event12th International Conference of the Learning Sciences: Transforming Learning, Empowering Learners, ICLS 2016 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: Jun 20 2016Jun 24 2016

Other

Other12th International Conference of the Learning Sciences: Transforming Learning, Empowering Learners, ICLS 2016
CountrySingapore
CitySingapore
Period6/20/166/24/16

Keywords

  • Conceptual change
  • Knowledge Analysis
  • Knowledge in Pieces
  • Prior knowledge

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Education

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