Prior shared success predicts victory in team competitions

Satyam Mukherjee, Yun Huang, Julia Neidhardt, Brian Uzzi, Noshir Contractor

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Debate over the impact of team composition on the outcome of a contest has attracted sports enthusiasts and sports scientists for years. A commonly held belief regarding team success is the superstar effect; that is, including more talent improves the performance of a team1. However, studies of team sports have suggested that previous relations and shared experiences among team members improve the mutual understanding of individual habits, techniques and abilities and therefore enhance team coordination and strategy2–9. We explored the impact of within-team relationships on the outcome of competition between sports teams. Relations among teammates consist of two aspects: qualitative and quantitative. While quantitative aspects measure the number of times two teammates collaborated, qualitative aspects focus on ‘prior shared success’; that is, whether teamwork succeeded or failed. We examined the association between qualitative team interactions and the probability of winning using historical records from professional sports—basketball in the National Basketball Association, football in the English Premier League, cricket in the Indian Premier League and baseball in Major League Baseball—and the multiplayer online battle game Defense of the Ancients 2. Our results show that prior shared success between team members significantly improves the odds of the team winning in all sports beyond the talents of individuals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-81
Number of pages8
JournalNature Human Behaviour
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Sports
Aptitude
Baseball
Gryllidae
Basketball
Football
Habits

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Mukherjee, Satyam ; Huang, Yun ; Neidhardt, Julia ; Uzzi, Brian ; Contractor, Noshir. / Prior shared success predicts victory in team competitions. In: Nature Human Behaviour. 2019 ; Vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 74-81.
@article{0497508909c24c49902d532fda2b825f,
title = "Prior shared success predicts victory in team competitions",
abstract = "Debate over the impact of team composition on the outcome of a contest has attracted sports enthusiasts and sports scientists for years. A commonly held belief regarding team success is the superstar effect; that is, including more talent improves the performance of a team1. However, studies of team sports have suggested that previous relations and shared experiences among team members improve the mutual understanding of individual habits, techniques and abilities and therefore enhance team coordination and strategy2–9. We explored the impact of within-team relationships on the outcome of competition between sports teams. Relations among teammates consist of two aspects: qualitative and quantitative. While quantitative aspects measure the number of times two teammates collaborated, qualitative aspects focus on ‘prior shared success’; that is, whether teamwork succeeded or failed. We examined the association between qualitative team interactions and the probability of winning using historical records from professional sports—basketball in the National Basketball Association, football in the English Premier League, cricket in the Indian Premier League and baseball in Major League Baseball—and the multiplayer online battle game Defense of the Ancients 2. Our results show that prior shared success between team members significantly improves the odds of the team winning in all sports beyond the talents of individuals.",
author = "Satyam Mukherjee and Yun Huang and Julia Neidhardt and Brian Uzzi and Noshir Contractor",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/s41562-018-0460-y",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "3",
pages = "74--81",
journal = "Nature Human Behaviour",
issn = "2397-3374",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

Prior shared success predicts victory in team competitions. / Mukherjee, Satyam; Huang, Yun; Neidhardt, Julia; Uzzi, Brian; Contractor, Noshir.

In: Nature Human Behaviour, Vol. 3, No. 1, 01.01.2019, p. 74-81.

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prior shared success predicts victory in team competitions

AU - Mukherjee, Satyam

AU - Huang, Yun

AU - Neidhardt, Julia

AU - Uzzi, Brian

AU - Contractor, Noshir

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Debate over the impact of team composition on the outcome of a contest has attracted sports enthusiasts and sports scientists for years. A commonly held belief regarding team success is the superstar effect; that is, including more talent improves the performance of a team1. However, studies of team sports have suggested that previous relations and shared experiences among team members improve the mutual understanding of individual habits, techniques and abilities and therefore enhance team coordination and strategy2–9. We explored the impact of within-team relationships on the outcome of competition between sports teams. Relations among teammates consist of two aspects: qualitative and quantitative. While quantitative aspects measure the number of times two teammates collaborated, qualitative aspects focus on ‘prior shared success’; that is, whether teamwork succeeded or failed. We examined the association between qualitative team interactions and the probability of winning using historical records from professional sports—basketball in the National Basketball Association, football in the English Premier League, cricket in the Indian Premier League and baseball in Major League Baseball—and the multiplayer online battle game Defense of the Ancients 2. Our results show that prior shared success between team members significantly improves the odds of the team winning in all sports beyond the talents of individuals.

AB - Debate over the impact of team composition on the outcome of a contest has attracted sports enthusiasts and sports scientists for years. A commonly held belief regarding team success is the superstar effect; that is, including more talent improves the performance of a team1. However, studies of team sports have suggested that previous relations and shared experiences among team members improve the mutual understanding of individual habits, techniques and abilities and therefore enhance team coordination and strategy2–9. We explored the impact of within-team relationships on the outcome of competition between sports teams. Relations among teammates consist of two aspects: qualitative and quantitative. While quantitative aspects measure the number of times two teammates collaborated, qualitative aspects focus on ‘prior shared success’; that is, whether teamwork succeeded or failed. We examined the association between qualitative team interactions and the probability of winning using historical records from professional sports—basketball in the National Basketball Association, football in the English Premier League, cricket in the Indian Premier League and baseball in Major League Baseball—and the multiplayer online battle game Defense of the Ancients 2. Our results show that prior shared success between team members significantly improves the odds of the team winning in all sports beyond the talents of individuals.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85058008440&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85058008440&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41562-018-0460-y

DO - 10.1038/s41562-018-0460-y

M3 - Letter

VL - 3

SP - 74

EP - 81

JO - Nature Human Behaviour

JF - Nature Human Behaviour

SN - 2397-3374

IS - 1

ER -