Proactive Policing: a Summary of the Report of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

David Weisburd*, Malay K. Majmundar, Hassan Aden, Anthony Braga, Jim Bueermann, Philip J. Cook, Phillip Atiba Goff, Rachel A. Harmon, Amelia Haviland, Cynthia Lum, Charles Manski, Stephen Mastrofski, Tracey Meares, Daniel Nagin, Emily Owens, Steven Raphael, Jerry Ratcliffe, Tom Tyler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper provides a summary of our report for the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine on proactive policing. We find that there is sufficient scientific evidence to support the adoption of many proactive policing practices if the primary goal is to reduce crime, though the evidence base generally does not provide long-term or jurisdictional estimates. In turn, we conclude that crime prevention outcomes can often be obtained without producing negative community reactions. However, the most effective proactive policing strategies do not appear to have strong positive impacts on citizen perceptions of the police. At the same time, some community-based strategies have begun to show evidence of improving the relations between the police and public. We conclude that there are likely to be large racial disparities in the volume and nature of police–citizen encounters when police target high-risk people or high-risk places, as is common in many proactive policing programs. We could not conclude whether such disparities are due to statistical prediction, racial animus, implicit bias, or other causes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-177
Number of pages33
JournalAsian Journal of Criminology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2019

Keywords

  • Community impacts
  • Crime prevention
  • Evidence-based
  • Proactive-policing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Law

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