Probenecid reduces cochlear effects and perilymph penetration of furosemide in chinchilla

L. P. Rybak, T. P. Green, S. K. Juhn, T. Morizono

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Abstract

Previous investigation has suggested that the ototoxicity of furosemide is related to penetration of the drug into the inner ear and that active drug transport out of the inner ear may be responsible for maintaining the serum-perilymph drug concentration gradient. We further tested this hypothesis by investigating the endocochlear potential (ototoxicity) and furosemide perilymph concentrations after furosemide administration to chinchillas pretreated with the organic anion transport inhibitor, probenecid. Probenecid pretreatment attenuated the fall in endocochlear potntial seen after furosemide (25 mg/kg i.v.): untreated 58.6 ± 27.0 mV; probenecid pretreatment, 14.1 ± 11.9 mV (P < .01). Furosemide concentrations in perilymph were correspondingly lower after probenecid (P < .003), although serum furosemide concentrations were not affected by probenecid pretreatment. Diuresis, measured over an 8-hr period after furosemide, was also uneffected by probenecid. These results confirm the proposed relationship between inner ear furosemide concentrations and the occurrence of ototoxicity due to this drug. However, the determinants of penetration of this drug into the inner ear are unclear. The observation that probenecid pretreatment attenuates the ototoxic effect of flurosemide while the diuretic effect is preserved suggests this drug combination warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)706-709
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Volume230
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1984

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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