Probing DNA- and ATP-mediated conformational changes in the MutS family of mispair recognition proteins using deuterium exchange mass spectrometry

Marc L. Mendillo, Christopher D. Putnam, Ashley O. Mo, Jonathan W. Jamison, Sheng Li, Virgil L. Woods, Richard D. Kolodner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have performed deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (DXMS) to probe the conformational changes that the bacterial MutS homodimer and the homologous eukaryotic heterodimer Msh2-Msh6 undergo when binding to ATP or DNA. The DXMS data support the view that high affinity binding to mispair-containing DNA and low affinity binding to fully base-paired DNA both involve forming rings by MutS protein family dimers around the DNA; however, mispair binding protects additional regions from deuterium exchange. DXMS also reveals two distinct conformations upon binding one or two ATP molecules and that binding of two ATP molecules propagates conformational changes to other regions of the protein complexes. The regions showing major changes in deuterium exchange upon ATP binding tend to occur in regions distinct from those involved in DNA binding, suggesting that although communication occurs between DNA and nucleotide binding, sliding clamps formed by binding both ATP and mispairs could result from the simultaneous action of two independent conformational changes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13170-13182
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume285
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 23 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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