A simple receptor and substrate are used to probe the relationship between transition-state charge and the level of rate acceleration that can be created by stabilizing the transition state through hydrogen bonding. Pericyclic reactions are accelerated less than 2-fold by the receptor, whereas a conjugate addition reaction is accelerated more than 30-fold. Therefore, substrate polarization by hydrogen bonding would only appear to be effective for reactions that generate significant charge at the transition state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry