Process Evaluation in an Intervention Designed to Improve Rates of Colorectal Cancer Screening in a VA Medical Center

Marian L. Fitzgibbon, M. Rosario Ferreira, Nancy C. Dolan, Terry C. Davis, Alfred W. Rademaker, Michael S. Wolf, Dachao Liu, Nicolle Gorby, Brian P. Schmitt, Charles L. Bennett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in the United States. Although CRC screening is recommended for individuals 50 years and older, screening completion rates are low. This can be attributed to provider and patient barriers. We developed an intervention to improve provider recommendation and patient screening among noncompliant male veterans in a 2-year randomized controlled trial and examined the relationship between participation and study outcomes among patients and providers. Overall, providers who attended intervention sessions recommended CRC screening during 64% of patient visits and providers who did not attend any intervention sessions recommended screening during 54% of visits (p < .01). Patients of providers who attended intervention sessions also were more likely to be screened (42% versus 29%, p < .05). The patient intervention did not have the desired impact. The subgroup of patients in the patient intervention was not more likely to complete CRC screening.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-281
Number of pages9
JournalHealth Promotion Practice
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2007

Keywords

  • colorectal cancer
  • intervention
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Process Evaluation in an Intervention Designed to Improve Rates of Colorectal Cancer Screening in a VA Medical Center'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this