Production and performance of multilayer–coated conical x–ray mirrors

Melville P. Ulmer, Robert Altkorn, Michael E. Graham, Anita Madan, Yong S. Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


A method of fabricating replica figured x–ray optics with integral multilayer coatings is presented. With the intact electroforming multilayer process (IEMP) technique, we sputter multilayers onto a reusable superpolished mandrel, electroform nickel over the multilayers, and remove the multilayer–coated nickel shell intact from the mandrel. This approach offers advantages over more traditional, original, and segmented–replica fabrication techniques, including low cost; compatibility with a wide range of mirror designs, diameters, and focal lengths; simple integration with multilayer sputtering processes; and the ability to produce complete shells of revolution. The fabrication of W/Si multilayer–coated 10–cmdiameter conical x–ray mirrors is described, as are reflectivity measurements at 10 and 30 keV. The measured reflectivity of the IEMP multilayers at the 10–keV primary Bragg peak was 17%. Measurements of multiple points on the cone showed multilayer uniformity to within a few percent around the mirror.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6945-6952
Number of pages8
JournalApplied optics
Issue number34
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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