Production rate measurement of Tritium and other cosmogenic isotopes in Germanium with CDMSlite

R. Agnese, T. Aralis, T. Aramaki, I. J. Arnquist, E. Azadbakht, W. Baker, S. Banik, D. Barker, D. A. Bauer, T. Binder, M. A. Bowles, P. L. Brink, R. Bunker, B. Cabrera, R. Calkins, C. Cartaro, D. G. Cerdeño, Y. Y. Chang, J. Cooley, B. Cornell & 77 others P. Cushman, T. Doughty, E. Fascione, Enectali Figueroa-Feliciano, C. W. Fink, M. Fritts, G. Gerbier, R. Germond, M. Ghaith, S. R. Golwala, H. R. Harris, Z. Hong, E. W. Hoppe, L. Hsu, M. E. Huber, V. Iyer, D. Jardin, A. Jastram, C. Jena, M. H. Kelsey, A. Kennedy, A. Kubik, N. A. Kurinsky, R. E. Lawrence, B. Loer, E. Lopez Asamar, P. Lukens, D. MacDonell, R. Mahapatra, V. Mandic, N. Mast, E. Miller, N. Mirabolfathi, B. Mohanty, J. D. Morales Mendoza, J. Nelson, J. L. Orrell, S. M. Oser, W. A. Page, R. Partridge, M. Pepin, F. Ponce, S. Poudel, M. Pyle, H. Qiu, W. Rau, A. Reisetter, R. Ren, T. Reynolds, A. Roberts, A. E. Robinson, H. E. Rogers, T. Saab, B. Sadoulet, J. Sander, A. Scarff, R. W. Schnee, S. Scorza, K. Senapati, B. Serfass, D. Speller, M. Stein, J. Street, H. A. Tanaka, D. Toback, R. Underwood, A. N. Villano, B. von Krosigk, S. L. Watkins, J. S. Wilson, M. J. Wilson, J. Winchell, D. H. Wright, S. Yellin, B. A. Young, X. Zhang, X. Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Future direct searches for low-mass dark matter particles with germanium detectors, such as SuperCDMS SNOLAB, are expected to be limited by backgrounds from radioactive isotopes activated by cosmogenic radiation inside the germanium. There are limited experimental data available to constrain production rates and a large spread of theoretical predictions. We examine the calculation of expected production rates, and analyze data from the second run of the CDMS low ionization threshold experiment (CDMSlite) to estimate the rates for several isotopes. We model the measured CDMSlite spectrum and fit for contributions from tritium and other isotopes. Using the knowledge of the detector history, these results are converted to cosmogenic production rates at sea level. The production rates in atoms/(kg · day) are 74 ± 9 for 3H, 1.5 ± 0.7 for 55Fe, 17 ± 5 for 65Zn, and 30 ± 18 for 68Ge.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Pages1-12
Number of pages12
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume104
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

tritium
germanium
isotopes
ionization
thresholds
detectors
sea level
radioactive isotopes
dark matter
histories
radiation
estimates
predictions
atoms

Keywords

  • CDMSlite
  • Cosmogenic activation
  • Dark matter
  • Germanium detectors
  • Supercdms

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Agnese, R., Aralis, T., Aramaki, T., Arnquist, I. J., Azadbakht, E., Baker, W., ... Zhao, X. (2019). Production rate measurement of Tritium and other cosmogenic isotopes in Germanium with CDMSlite. Astroparticle Physics, 104, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2018.08.006
Agnese, R. ; Aralis, T. ; Aramaki, T. ; Arnquist, I. J. ; Azadbakht, E. ; Baker, W. ; Banik, S. ; Barker, D. ; Bauer, D. A. ; Binder, T. ; Bowles, M. A. ; Brink, P. L. ; Bunker, R. ; Cabrera, B. ; Calkins, R. ; Cartaro, C. ; Cerdeño, D. G. ; Chang, Y. Y. ; Cooley, J. ; Cornell, B. ; Cushman, P. ; Doughty, T. ; Fascione, E. ; Figueroa-Feliciano, Enectali ; Fink, C. W. ; Fritts, M. ; Gerbier, G. ; Germond, R. ; Ghaith, M. ; Golwala, S. R. ; Harris, H. R. ; Hong, Z. ; Hoppe, E. W. ; Hsu, L. ; Huber, M. E. ; Iyer, V. ; Jardin, D. ; Jastram, A. ; Jena, C. ; Kelsey, M. H. ; Kennedy, A. ; Kubik, A. ; Kurinsky, N. A. ; Lawrence, R. E. ; Loer, B. ; Lopez Asamar, E. ; Lukens, P. ; MacDonell, D. ; Mahapatra, R. ; Mandic, V. ; Mast, N. ; Miller, E. ; Mirabolfathi, N. ; Mohanty, B. ; Morales Mendoza, J. D. ; Nelson, J. ; Orrell, J. L. ; Oser, S. M. ; Page, W. A. ; Partridge, R. ; Pepin, M. ; Ponce, F. ; Poudel, S. ; Pyle, M. ; Qiu, H. ; Rau, W. ; Reisetter, A. ; Ren, R. ; Reynolds, T. ; Roberts, A. ; Robinson, A. E. ; Rogers, H. E. ; Saab, T. ; Sadoulet, B. ; Sander, J. ; Scarff, A. ; Schnee, R. W. ; Scorza, S. ; Senapati, K. ; Serfass, B. ; Speller, D. ; Stein, M. ; Street, J. ; Tanaka, H. A. ; Toback, D. ; Underwood, R. ; Villano, A. N. ; von Krosigk, B. ; Watkins, S. L. ; Wilson, J. S. ; Wilson, M. J. ; Winchell, J. ; Wright, D. H. ; Yellin, S. ; Young, B. A. ; Zhang, X. ; Zhao, X. / Production rate measurement of Tritium and other cosmogenic isotopes in Germanium with CDMSlite. In: Astroparticle Physics. 2019 ; Vol. 104. pp. 1-12.
@article{45dd0cf2640844f8b16d9c65096af1ab,
title = "Production rate measurement of Tritium and other cosmogenic isotopes in Germanium with CDMSlite",
abstract = "Future direct searches for low-mass dark matter particles with germanium detectors, such as SuperCDMS SNOLAB, are expected to be limited by backgrounds from radioactive isotopes activated by cosmogenic radiation inside the germanium. There are limited experimental data available to constrain production rates and a large spread of theoretical predictions. We examine the calculation of expected production rates, and analyze data from the second run of the CDMS low ionization threshold experiment (CDMSlite) to estimate the rates for several isotopes. We model the measured CDMSlite spectrum and fit for contributions from tritium and other isotopes. Using the knowledge of the detector history, these results are converted to cosmogenic production rates at sea level. The production rates in atoms/(kg · day) are 74 ± 9 for 3H, 1.5 ± 0.7 for 55Fe, 17 ± 5 for 65Zn, and 30 ± 18 for 68Ge.",
keywords = "CDMSlite, Cosmogenic activation, Dark matter, Germanium detectors, Supercdms",
author = "R. Agnese and T. Aralis and T. Aramaki and Arnquist, {I. J.} and E. Azadbakht and W. Baker and S. Banik and D. Barker and Bauer, {D. A.} and T. Binder and Bowles, {M. A.} and Brink, {P. L.} and R. Bunker and B. Cabrera and R. Calkins and C. Cartaro and Cerde{\~n}o, {D. G.} and Chang, {Y. Y.} and J. Cooley and B. Cornell and P. Cushman and T. Doughty and E. Fascione and Enectali Figueroa-Feliciano and Fink, {C. W.} and M. Fritts and G. Gerbier and R. Germond and M. Ghaith and Golwala, {S. R.} and Harris, {H. R.} and Z. Hong and Hoppe, {E. W.} and L. Hsu and Huber, {M. E.} and V. Iyer and D. Jardin and A. Jastram and C. Jena and Kelsey, {M. H.} and A. Kennedy and A. Kubik and Kurinsky, {N. A.} and Lawrence, {R. E.} and B. Loer and {Lopez Asamar}, E. and P. Lukens and D. MacDonell and R. Mahapatra and V. Mandic and N. Mast and E. Miller and N. Mirabolfathi and B. Mohanty and {Morales Mendoza}, {J. D.} and J. Nelson and Orrell, {J. L.} and Oser, {S. M.} and Page, {W. A.} and R. Partridge and M. Pepin and F. Ponce and S. Poudel and M. Pyle and H. Qiu and W. Rau and A. Reisetter and R. Ren and T. Reynolds and A. Roberts and Robinson, {A. E.} and Rogers, {H. E.} and T. Saab and B. Sadoulet and J. Sander and A. Scarff and Schnee, {R. W.} and S. Scorza and K. Senapati and B. Serfass and D. Speller and M. Stein and J. Street and Tanaka, {H. A.} and D. Toback and R. Underwood and Villano, {A. N.} and {von Krosigk}, B. and Watkins, {S. L.} and Wilson, {J. S.} and Wilson, {M. J.} and J. Winchell and Wright, {D. H.} and S. Yellin and Young, {B. A.} and X. Zhang and X. Zhao",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.astropartphys.2018.08.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "104",
pages = "1--12",
journal = "Astroparticle Physics",
issn = "0927-6505",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Agnese, R, Aralis, T, Aramaki, T, Arnquist, IJ, Azadbakht, E, Baker, W, Banik, S, Barker, D, Bauer, DA, Binder, T, Bowles, MA, Brink, PL, Bunker, R, Cabrera, B, Calkins, R, Cartaro, C, Cerdeño, DG, Chang, YY, Cooley, J, Cornell, B, Cushman, P, Doughty, T, Fascione, E, Figueroa-Feliciano, E, Fink, CW, Fritts, M, Gerbier, G, Germond, R, Ghaith, M, Golwala, SR, Harris, HR, Hong, Z, Hoppe, EW, Hsu, L, Huber, ME, Iyer, V, Jardin, D, Jastram, A, Jena, C, Kelsey, MH, Kennedy, A, Kubik, A, Kurinsky, NA, Lawrence, RE, Loer, B, Lopez Asamar, E, Lukens, P, MacDonell, D, Mahapatra, R, Mandic, V, Mast, N, Miller, E, Mirabolfathi, N, Mohanty, B, Morales Mendoza, JD, Nelson, J, Orrell, JL, Oser, SM, Page, WA, Partridge, R, Pepin, M, Ponce, F, Poudel, S, Pyle, M, Qiu, H, Rau, W, Reisetter, A, Ren, R, Reynolds, T, Roberts, A, Robinson, AE, Rogers, HE, Saab, T, Sadoulet, B, Sander, J, Scarff, A, Schnee, RW, Scorza, S, Senapati, K, Serfass, B, Speller, D, Stein, M, Street, J, Tanaka, HA, Toback, D, Underwood, R, Villano, AN, von Krosigk, B, Watkins, SL, Wilson, JS, Wilson, MJ, Winchell, J, Wright, DH, Yellin, S, Young, BA, Zhang, X & Zhao, X 2019, 'Production rate measurement of Tritium and other cosmogenic isotopes in Germanium with CDMSlite' Astroparticle Physics, vol. 104, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.astropartphys.2018.08.006

Production rate measurement of Tritium and other cosmogenic isotopes in Germanium with CDMSlite. / Agnese, R.; Aralis, T.; Aramaki, T.; Arnquist, I. J.; Azadbakht, E.; Baker, W.; Banik, S.; Barker, D.; Bauer, D. A.; Binder, T.; Bowles, M. A.; Brink, P. L.; Bunker, R.; Cabrera, B.; Calkins, R.; Cartaro, C.; Cerdeño, D. G.; Chang, Y. Y.; Cooley, J.; Cornell, B.; Cushman, P.; Doughty, T.; Fascione, E.; Figueroa-Feliciano, Enectali; Fink, C. W.; Fritts, M.; Gerbier, G.; Germond, R.; Ghaith, M.; Golwala, S. R.; Harris, H. R.; Hong, Z.; Hoppe, E. W.; Hsu, L.; Huber, M. E.; Iyer, V.; Jardin, D.; Jastram, A.; Jena, C.; Kelsey, M. H.; Kennedy, A.; Kubik, A.; Kurinsky, N. A.; Lawrence, R. E.; Loer, B.; Lopez Asamar, E.; Lukens, P.; MacDonell, D.; Mahapatra, R.; Mandic, V.; Mast, N.; Miller, E.; Mirabolfathi, N.; Mohanty, B.; Morales Mendoza, J. D.; Nelson, J.; Orrell, J. L.; Oser, S. M.; Page, W. A.; Partridge, R.; Pepin, M.; Ponce, F.; Poudel, S.; Pyle, M.; Qiu, H.; Rau, W.; Reisetter, A.; Ren, R.; Reynolds, T.; Roberts, A.; Robinson, A. E.; Rogers, H. E.; Saab, T.; Sadoulet, B.; Sander, J.; Scarff, A.; Schnee, R. W.; Scorza, S.; Senapati, K.; Serfass, B.; Speller, D.; Stein, M.; Street, J.; Tanaka, H. A.; Toback, D.; Underwood, R.; Villano, A. N.; von Krosigk, B.; Watkins, S. L.; Wilson, J. S.; Wilson, M. J.; Winchell, J.; Wright, D. H.; Yellin, S.; Young, B. A.; Zhang, X.; Zhao, X.

In: Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 104, 01.01.2019, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Production rate measurement of Tritium and other cosmogenic isotopes in Germanium with CDMSlite

AU - Agnese, R.

AU - Aralis, T.

AU - Aramaki, T.

AU - Arnquist, I. J.

AU - Azadbakht, E.

AU - Baker, W.

AU - Banik, S.

AU - Barker, D.

AU - Bauer, D. A.

AU - Binder, T.

AU - Bowles, M. A.

AU - Brink, P. L.

AU - Bunker, R.

AU - Cabrera, B.

AU - Calkins, R.

AU - Cartaro, C.

AU - Cerdeño, D. G.

AU - Chang, Y. Y.

AU - Cooley, J.

AU - Cornell, B.

AU - Cushman, P.

AU - Doughty, T.

AU - Fascione, E.

AU - Figueroa-Feliciano, Enectali

AU - Fink, C. W.

AU - Fritts, M.

AU - Gerbier, G.

AU - Germond, R.

AU - Ghaith, M.

AU - Golwala, S. R.

AU - Harris, H. R.

AU - Hong, Z.

AU - Hoppe, E. W.

AU - Hsu, L.

AU - Huber, M. E.

AU - Iyer, V.

AU - Jardin, D.

AU - Jastram, A.

AU - Jena, C.

AU - Kelsey, M. H.

AU - Kennedy, A.

AU - Kubik, A.

AU - Kurinsky, N. A.

AU - Lawrence, R. E.

AU - Loer, B.

AU - Lopez Asamar, E.

AU - Lukens, P.

AU - MacDonell, D.

AU - Mahapatra, R.

AU - Mandic, V.

AU - Mast, N.

AU - Miller, E.

AU - Mirabolfathi, N.

AU - Mohanty, B.

AU - Morales Mendoza, J. D.

AU - Nelson, J.

AU - Orrell, J. L.

AU - Oser, S. M.

AU - Page, W. A.

AU - Partridge, R.

AU - Pepin, M.

AU - Ponce, F.

AU - Poudel, S.

AU - Pyle, M.

AU - Qiu, H.

AU - Rau, W.

AU - Reisetter, A.

AU - Ren, R.

AU - Reynolds, T.

AU - Roberts, A.

AU - Robinson, A. E.

AU - Rogers, H. E.

AU - Saab, T.

AU - Sadoulet, B.

AU - Sander, J.

AU - Scarff, A.

AU - Schnee, R. W.

AU - Scorza, S.

AU - Senapati, K.

AU - Serfass, B.

AU - Speller, D.

AU - Stein, M.

AU - Street, J.

AU - Tanaka, H. A.

AU - Toback, D.

AU - Underwood, R.

AU - Villano, A. N.

AU - von Krosigk, B.

AU - Watkins, S. L.

AU - Wilson, J. S.

AU - Wilson, M. J.

AU - Winchell, J.

AU - Wright, D. H.

AU - Yellin, S.

AU - Young, B. A.

AU - Zhang, X.

AU - Zhao, X.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Future direct searches for low-mass dark matter particles with germanium detectors, such as SuperCDMS SNOLAB, are expected to be limited by backgrounds from radioactive isotopes activated by cosmogenic radiation inside the germanium. There are limited experimental data available to constrain production rates and a large spread of theoretical predictions. We examine the calculation of expected production rates, and analyze data from the second run of the CDMS low ionization threshold experiment (CDMSlite) to estimate the rates for several isotopes. We model the measured CDMSlite spectrum and fit for contributions from tritium and other isotopes. Using the knowledge of the detector history, these results are converted to cosmogenic production rates at sea level. The production rates in atoms/(kg · day) are 74 ± 9 for 3H, 1.5 ± 0.7 for 55Fe, 17 ± 5 for 65Zn, and 30 ± 18 for 68Ge.

AB - Future direct searches for low-mass dark matter particles with germanium detectors, such as SuperCDMS SNOLAB, are expected to be limited by backgrounds from radioactive isotopes activated by cosmogenic radiation inside the germanium. There are limited experimental data available to constrain production rates and a large spread of theoretical predictions. We examine the calculation of expected production rates, and analyze data from the second run of the CDMS low ionization threshold experiment (CDMSlite) to estimate the rates for several isotopes. We model the measured CDMSlite spectrum and fit for contributions from tritium and other isotopes. Using the knowledge of the detector history, these results are converted to cosmogenic production rates at sea level. The production rates in atoms/(kg · day) are 74 ± 9 for 3H, 1.5 ± 0.7 for 55Fe, 17 ± 5 for 65Zn, and 30 ± 18 for 68Ge.

KW - CDMSlite

KW - Cosmogenic activation

KW - Dark matter

KW - Germanium detectors

KW - Supercdms

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85052316338&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85052316338&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2018.08.006

DO - 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2018.08.006

M3 - Article

VL - 104

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - Astroparticle Physics

T2 - Astroparticle Physics

JF - Astroparticle Physics

SN - 0927-6505

ER -