Prognosis of childbirth trauma

Cynthia A. Brincat*, Christina Lewicky Gaupp, Dee E. Fenner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


An accepted risk factor for pelvic floor disorders is vaginal birth, and its concomitant birth trauma. Much of the effect is mitigated over the life span, with conflicting evidence and unclear causal and mechanistic explanations in the literature of the role of birth trauma. The greatest impact of vaginal birth trauma is on the incidence and prevalence of pelvic organ prolapse [1]. The prognosis of vaginal birth trauma on development or severity of urinary incontinence and anal incontinence is more difficult to determine because of the profound impact that aging has on these conditions. Immediately after birth, little is known about the sequelae of specific trauma other than in the short-term postpartum period. In what follows, we review the literature and aim to elucidate the role of birth trauma, its impact, and prognosis on a parous woman's pelvic floor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationChildbirth Trauma
PublisherSpringer London
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9781447167112
ISBN (Print)9781447167105
StatePublished - Jul 29 2016


  • Birth injury
  • Fecal incontinence
  • Pelvic pain
  • Perineal injury
  • Postpartum
  • Prolapse
  • Risk factors
  • Urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Prognosis of childbirth trauma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this