Prognostic implications of ploidy and proliferative activity in the diffuse, aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphomas

Jane N. Winter*, Janet Andersen, Daina Variakojis, Leo I. Gordon, Richard I. Fisher, Martin M. Oken, Richard S. Neiman, Shuwei Jiang, Kenneth D. Bauer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


The International Index is a powerful predictor of outcome in the aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphomas that is based solely on clinical features. Proliferative activity (% S-phase) measured by flow cytometry has been reported to have prognostic significance in many series and may represent a biologic correlate of clinical behavior that further defines prognosis. Flow cytometric analysis of cellular DNA content end proliferative activity (% S- phase) was performed on fixed paraffin-embedded biopsy specimens from 242 previously untreated patients with diffuse, aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphomas entered on phase III intergroup clinical trials. The international Index was calculated for each patient based on stage, lactate dehydrogenase, performance status, number of extranodal sites, and age, as previously reported. The International index consistently predicted response to therapy (P = .027) and survival (P = .007) (n this series. DNA aneuploidy was shown in 57% of cases, but was not predictive of clinical outcome. The median % S- phase was 9.9 (median coefficient of variation, 3.6%), which was highly correlated with mitotic index (P = .0001). Although a trend associating low proliferative activity with good early survival and very high S-phase with a shortened survival was shown. International Index risk was the only significant predictor of survival in the multivariate analysis. Although proliferative activity quantitated by flow cytometric analysis of nuclei extracted from paraffin-embedded specimens is probably predictive of survival, it is a less powerful prognostic indicator than clinical parameters represented by the International Index and provides no additional prognostic information.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3919-3925
Number of pages7
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Immunology


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