To evaluate the prognostic significance of host immunocompetence in urologic cancer patients, the subsequent clinical course of 95 patients was determined a year after skin testing with dinitrochlorobenzene. A close correlation was demonstrated between dinitrochlorobenzene reactivity and prognosis among 38 transitional carcinoma patients. Of 19 patients with impaired reactivity 13 had tumor recurrences and 11 of these died of cancer within 1 year. Only 5 of 19 patients with normal dinitrochlorobenzene reactivity had recurrences and none died during the same interval. Although not statistically significant, similar results were observed among 10 renal cell carcinoma patients of whom 3 of 5 with impaired dinitrochlorobenzene reactivity had tumor recurrences, while 4 of 5 with normal reactivity remained free of tumor. One testis tumor patient with impaired dinitrochlorobenzene reactivity died of cancer, while 3 of 4 with normal reactivity remained free of tumor. Similarly, 1 patient with carcinoma of the penis with impaired dinitrochlorobenzene reactivity died of cancer, while 2 of 3 with normal reactivity remained free of tumor. In contrast, reactivity to dinitrochlorobenzene did not correlate with the clinical course of 38 prostatic carcinoma patients. Ten of 19 patients with normal dinitrochlorobenzene reactivity and 9 or 19 with impaired reactivity were dead or had symptomatic recurrences within 1 year, while 9 of 19 with normal reactivity and 10 of 19 with impaired reactivity were either free of tumor or asymptomatic. However, a trend toward a correlation between dinitrochlorobenzene reactivity and tumor progression was observed among patients not receiving endocrine therapy. The differences with respect to the prognostic significance of host immunocompetence between transitional carcinoma patients and those with prostatic carcinoma may be explained by fundamental differences in the biologic properties of these tumors, especially the endocrine sensitivity of prostatic carcinoma.
ASJC Scopus subject areas