Progression of Carotid Arterial Stiffness with Treatment of Hypertension over 10 Years

Adam D. Gepner, Yacob Ghirmatsion Tedla, Laura A. Colangelo, Matthew C. Tattersall, Claudia E. Korcarz, Joel D. Kaufman, Kiang Liu, Gregory L. Burke, Steven Shea, Philip Greenland, James H. Stein*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Associations with antihypertensive medication classes and progression of arterial stiffness have not been studied in a prospective multiethnic cohort. All participants had hypertension at baseline, defined as blood pressure ≥140/90 mm Hg or use of antihypertensive medications. Medication use and blood pressure were assessed at 5 time points. Young's elastic modulus and distensibility coefficient of the right common carotid artery were obtained by ultrasound at baseline and after a mean (SD) follow-up period of 9.4 (0.5) years. Associations with changes in Young's elastic modulus and distensibility coefficient, baseline antihypertensive medication use, number of visits each medication class was reported, and blood pressure control (<140/90 mm Hg) were assessed using multiple linear regression models. At baseline, mean age of participants (n=1206) was 63.2 (9.0) years (55% female; 35% African American, 19% Hispanic, 12% Chinese). Mean systolic blood pressure was 136.5 (20.6) mm Hg. Greater progression of arterial stiffness was associated with older age, African American ethnicity, and baseline calcium channel blocker use. There were no other associations between changes in Young's elastic modulus or distensibility coefficient and use of other medication classes (all P>0.4). Achieving blood pressure control (<140/90 mm Hg) at all visits was associated with slower progression of arterial stiffness (Young's elastic modulus: β=-790.1 mm Hg, P=0.01; distensibility coefficient: β=7.34×10 - 4 mm Hg - 1, P=0.001). Blood pressure control, rather than use of any particular antihypertensive medication class, was associated most strongly with slowing arterial stiffness progression. Over nearly a decade of follow-up, no consistent associations between any specific antihypertensive medication class and progressive carotid arterial stiffening were identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-95
Number of pages9
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • cardiovascular disease
  • carotid arteries
  • elasticity
  • epidemiology
  • hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine


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