Prolactin as a biomarker for treatment response and tardive dyskinesia in schizophrenia subjects: Old thoughts revisited from a genetic perspective

Renan P. Souza, Herbert Y. Meltzer, Jeffrey A. Lieberman, Aristotle N. Voineskos, Gary Remington, James L. Kennedy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies investigated whether prolactin (PRL) serum level was a biomarker of antipsychotic response, schizophrenia symptomatology, and tardive dyskinesia. Most of the findings support that antipsychotic drugs modulate PRL levels but PRL is not a steady indicator. Recent results suggest a genetic effect of PRL and PRL receptor (PRLR) polymorphisms in PRL levels indicating that independently of antipsychotic therapy subjects could have altered PRL levels due to their genetic background. We evaluated whether PRL and PRLR variants were associated with treatment outcome and tardive dyskinesia. We observed no association of PRL/PRLR polymorphism with treatment response (best genotypic results include PRL rs849885 and PRLR rs4703509 permuted p = 0.326). Regarding tardive dyskinesia, the major allele of PRL rs37364 was nominally associated with risk for tardive dyskinesia in the European ancestry sub-sample (permuted p = 0.183). Although we reported no significant associations, it is definitely worthy of investigation to see if together (genetic variants in the PRL system and PRL serum measures) could be a reliable biomarker for antipsychotic response and TD prevalence. Our results suggest that more studies in this context are required to shed light in the molecular mechanisms underlying antipsychotic response and tardive dyskinesia occurrence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalHuman Psychopharmacology
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Keywords

  • AIMS
  • Antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia
  • Association study
  • Dopamine agonist
  • Movement disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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