Prolongation of off-cycle intervalby finasteride is not associated with survival improvement in intermittent androgen deprivation therapy in LNCaP tumor model

Yujuan Wang, Shubham Gupta, Vi Hua, Raquel Ramos-Garcia, Daniel Shevrin, Borko D. Jovanovic, Joel B. Nelson, Zhou Wang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND. We have previously reported that finasteride administration in intermittent androgen deprivation therapy (IADT) can improve survival of nude mice bearing LNCaP xenograft tumors when the duration of off-cycle in IADT was fixed. Arecent retrospective study showed that addition of finasteride doubled the duration of the off-cycle, without changing progression to castration resistance. In view of the above difference, weattempted to investigate the relationship of 5α-reductase inhibition with the off-cycle interval and overall survival in a murine model. METHODS. Subcutaneous LNCaP tumors were established in nude mice (Balb/C-Nu). After the tumors reached a size of 0.5cm in diameter, the mice were castrated and followed up for 2 weeks after which they were randomized to continuous androgen deprivation (CAD), CAD plus finasteride, IADT, and IADT plus finasteride. The off-cycle was discontinued when the tumor volume was doubled. Subsequent cycles were carried out similarly. RESULTS. Use of finasteride during the off-cycle of IADT doubled the first off-cycle duration. However, prolongation of the off-cycle by finasteride did not translate into an increase in overall survival. CONCLUSIONS. The survival advantage of IADT+finasteride over IADT that we previously reported was lost when the off-cycle prolongation by finasteride was allowed. Maximum possible lengthening of the off-cycle by 5α-reductase inhibition is not associated with survival improvement in this animal model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-154
Number of pages8
JournalProstate
Volume70
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Keywords

  • 5α-reductase inhibitors
  • Intermittent androgen deprivation therapy
  • LNCaP
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology

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