Propionate inhibition of succinate: CoA ligase (GDP) and the citric acid cycle in mitochondria

D. A. Stumpf, J. McAfee, J. K. Parks, L. Eguren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Propionate inhibits oxygen consumption by rat liver mitochondria when glutamate, α-ketoglutarate, and succinate are substrates. Carnitine prevents this effect. The pattern of inhibition of 14CO2 release from metabolic intermediates indicates citric acid cycle inhibition between succinate:coenzyme A (CoA) ligase (GDP) and malate dehydrogenase. Propionyl CoA is synthesized from propionate in mitochondria. Propionyl CoA is a potent inhibitor of succinate:CoA ligase with positive cooperativity and half-maximal inhibition at 2 x 10-4 M propionyl CoA. Inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation and the citric acid cycle may produce the Reye's-like syndrome which occurs in propionic acidemia and possibly related organic acid or mitochondrial disorders. Mitochondrial acyl coenzyme A may be increased in these patients and respond favorably to carnitine therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1127-1131
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric research
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1980

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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