Proportion and associated factors of meeting the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans in adults with or at risk for knee osteoarthritis

A. H. Chang*, J. Song, J. Lee, R. W. Chang, P. A. Semanik, D. D. Dunlop

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Evaluate the prevalence of meeting the updated 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans (150 unbouted minutes in moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity [MVPA]) and determine cross-sectional factors associated with Guideline attainment in a community-based cohort of adults with or at elevated risk for knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Physical activity was monitored for 1 week in a subset of Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) participants with or at increased risk for knee OA. Accelerometer-measured weekly MVPA minutes were calculated; sociodemographic (age, sex, race, education, and working status) and health-related (body mass index [BMI], comorbidity, depressive symptoms, radiographic knee OA, and frequent knee symptoms) factors were assessed. We evaluated the prevalence of meeting 2018 Guidelines and used multivariate partial proportional odds model to identify factors associated with Guideline attainment, controlling for other factors in the model. Results: Among 1922 participants (age 65.1 [standard deviation 9.1] years, BMI 28.4 [4.8] kg/m2, 55.2% women), 44.1% men and 22.2% women met the 2018 PA Guidelines. Adjusted cross-sectional factors associated with not-meeting 2018 Guidelines were: women, older age, higher BMI, non-Whites, depressive symptoms, not working, and frequent knee symptoms. Conclusion: In community-recruited adults with or at high risk for knee OA, more than 50% of men and nearly 80% of women failed to achieve the 2018 recommended level of at least 150 weekly unbouted minutes of MVPA. Study findings support gender and racial disparity in Guideline attainment and suggest addressing potentially modifiable factors (e.g., BMI, depressive symptoms, and frequent knee symptoms) to optimize benefits in PA-promoting interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)774-781
Number of pages8
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Volume28
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Guidelines
  • Knee
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Physical activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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