Prospective, Age-Related Analysis of Surgical Results, Functional Outcome, and Quality of Life after Ileal Pouch-Anal Anastomosis

Conor P. Delaney, Victor W. Fazio*, Feza H. Remzi, Jeff Hammel, James M. Church, Tracy L. Hull, Anthony J. Senagore, Scott A. Strong, Ian C. Lavery

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

211 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate how age affects functional outcome and quality of life after ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA). Summary Background Data: Because of the limited number of older patients undergoing IPAA, it has been difficult to assess functional outcome and quality of life stratified by age. Methods: IPAA was performed in 1895 patients. Patients were stratified by age into <45 (n = 1410), 46-55 (n = 289), 56-65 (n = 154), and more than 65 years (n = 42). Outcome was assessed prospectively. Results are presented at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years after surgery. Results: Patients were followed for 4.6 ± 3.7 years (maximum, 17 years). Pouch failure occurred in 4.1% (pouch excision or permanent diversion). Incontinence and night time seepage were more common in older patients. There were minor differences in the quality of life, health, energy and happiness between age groups, with a slight benefit for those under 45 years. Fourteen percent or fewer patients experienced social, sexual or work restrictions. Overall, 96% of patients were happy to have undergone their surgery, and 98% recommended it to others. Although the respective figures were 89% and 96% in the over-65 age group, the difference was not significant. Conclusions: These data provide a unique assessment of outcome after IPAA at multiple time points. Although functional outcome after IPAA is not as good in older patients, appropriate case selection confers acceptable function and quality of life to patients of all ages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume238
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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