Prospective assessment of disease-specific quality of life in adults with eosinophilic esophagitis

E. Stern, T. Taft, A. Zalewski, N. Gonsalves, Ikuo Hirano*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an important cause of upper gastrointestinal dysfunction in children and adults. The EoE-quality of life (QOL)-A was validated as a disease-specific measure of quality of life in EoE. This study characterized the extent of QOL concerns in a cohort of adult EoE patients and delineated the relationships betweenQOLand other disease activity measures.One hundred sixty-seven patients enrolled in this prospective cohort study. Patients with established and suspected EoE undergoing endoscopy at a single university-based medical center were recruited. EoE was diagnosed on the basis of the clinical criteria and histologic demonstration of ≥15 eos/hpf while on proton pump inhibition therapy. Sixty five patients undergoing repeat endoscopy during the enrollment period participated twice. Patients provided demographic information and completed symptom assessments and the EoE-QOL-A. Analyses included comparisons with overall QOL as well as QOL subscales. Outcome measures included endoscopic activity using a validated instrument, the EoE Endoscopic Reference Score, and histology. Overall QOL was significantly correlated with dysphagia frequency, intensity, and severity (P < 0.001). Patients who experienced a food impaction in the last 30 days had significantly worse overall QOL (P = 0.009). There was no correlation between overall QOL and years since diagnosis, symptom duration, endoscopic features, or histologic findings. Patient symptoms correlated with endoscopic features of edema, rings, and stricture severity. Histologic activity was highly correlated with severity of endoscopic features. Patients who underwent repeat endoscopy with histologic response demonstrated improved eating and social QOL; however, overall QOL was unchanged. In adults with EoE, patient reported QOL is associated with symptom severity but not endoscopic or histologic features. Disease-specific QOL may complement parameters of biologic activity in the assessment of overall disease burden in EoE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberdox128
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume31
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • Endoscopy
  • Eosinophilic esophagitis
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prospective assessment of disease-specific quality of life in adults with eosinophilic esophagitis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this