Prospective evaluation of emergency medicine instruction for rotating first-postgraduate-year residents

C. D. Wyte, S. L. Adams, J. A. Cabel, K. Pearlman, P. R. Yarnold, M. Morkin, K. A. Hott, J. J. Mathews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Objective: To determine whether either bedside teaching alone (group A) or bedside teaching with written course materials (group B) improved written examination scores, satisfaction with the rotation, or clinical grades of rotating PGY1 residents. Methods: A prospective, controlled educational trial was conducted. Sixty-five PGY1 residents from diverse specialties rotated in the ED for one month over a ten-month study period, and were included in the study. The PGY1 residents were assigned to group by month of rotation. All the PGY1 residents received unstructured bedside teaching by emergency medicine (EM) residents and faculty. In addition, group B received written course materials on day 1. Results: Mean posttest scores were higher than mean protest scores for the interns considered as a whole (p < 0.0001), but mean pretest, posttest, and clinical grades were comparable across instructional groups. Mean satisfaction ratings were higher for group A than for group B (p < 0.015). The interns specializing in EM achieved higher mean test scores (p < 0.013) and clinical grades (p < 0.003) than did the interns specializing in another medical specialty. Conclusion: Both instructional methods were associated with improved written test performance. Written course materials did not augment bedside teaching in terms of test scores, clinical grades, or satisfaction with the rotation. At a university-based, high-volume ED, bedside teaching offers educational benefit to rotating PGYI residents that may not be augmented by written course materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)72-76
Number of pages5
JournalAcademic Emergency Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1996


  • education
  • emergency medicine
  • internship and residency
  • medical education
  • medical students
  • teaching materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine


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