Prospective observational study: Fast ripple localization delineates the epileptogenic zone

Hiroki Nariai*, Shaun A. Hussain, Danilo Bernardo, Aria Fallah, Kristina K. Murata, Jimmy C. Nguyen, Rajsekar R. Rajaraman, Lekha M. Rao, Joyce H. Matsumoto, Jason T. Lerner, Noriko Salamon, David Elashoff, Raman Sankar, Joyce Y. Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Objective: To investigate spatial correlation between interictal HFOs and neuroimaging abnormalities, and to determine if complete removal of prospectively identified interictal HFOs correlates with post-surgical seizure-freedom. Methods: Interictal fast ripples (FRs: 250–500 Hz) in 19 consecutive children with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy who underwent extra-operative electrocorticography (ECoG) recording were prospectively analyzed. The interictal FRs were sampled at 2000 Hz and were visually identified during 10 min of slow wave sleep. Interictal FRs, MRI and FDG-PET were delineated on patient-specific reconstructed three-dimensional brain MRI. Results: Interictal FRs were observed in all patients except one. Thirteen out of 18 patients (72%) exhibited FRs beyond the extent of neuroimaging abnormalities. Fifteen of 19 children underwent resective surgery, and survival analysis with log-rank test demonstrated that complete resection of cortical sites showing interictal FRs correlated with longer post-operative seizure-freedom (p < 0.01). Complete resection of seizure onset zones (SOZ) also correlated with longer post-operative seizure-freedom (p = 0.01), yet complete resection of neuroimaging abnormalities did not (p = 0.43). Conclusions: Prospective visual analysis of interictal FRs was feasible, and it seemed to accurately localize epileptogenic zones. Significance: Topological extent of epileptogenic region may exceed what is discernible by multimodal neuroimaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2144-2152
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Epilepsy surgery
  • FR
  • HFO
  • High frequency oscillations
  • Ripple

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sensory Systems
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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