Prospective pediatric study comparing glomerular filtration rate estimates based on motion-robust dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and serum creatinine (eGFR) to 99mTc DTPA

Sila Kurugol*, Onur Afacan, Richard S. Lee, Catherine M. Seager, Michael A. Ferguson, Deborah R. Stein, Reid C. Nichols, Monet Dugan, Alto Stemmer, Simon K. Warfield, Jeanne S. Chow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Current methods to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) have shortcomings. Estimates based on serum creatinine are known to be inaccurate in the chronically ill and during acute changes in renal function. Gold standard methods such as inulin and 99mTc diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) require blood or urine sampling and thus can be difficult to perform in children. Motion-robust radial volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI represents a novel tool for estimating GFR that has not been validated in children. Objective: The purpose of our study was to determine the feasibility and accuracy of GFR measured by motion-robust radial VIBE dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI compared to estimates by serum creatinine (eGFR) and 99mTc DTPA in children. Materials and methods: We enrolled children, 0–18 years of age, who were undergoing both a contrast-enhanced MRI and nuclear medicine 99mTc DTPA glomerular filtration rate (NM-GFR) within 2 weeks of each other. Enrolled children consented to an additional 6-min dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI scan using the motion-robust high spatiotemporal resolution prototype dynamic radial VIBE sequence (Siemens, Erlangen, Germany) at 3 tesla (T). The images were reconstructed offline with high temporal resolution (~3 s/volume) using compressed sensing image reconstruction including regularization in temporal dimension to improve image quality and reduce streaking artifacts. Images were then automatically post-processed using in-house-developed software. Post-processing steps included automatic segmentation of kidney parenchyma and aorta using convolutional neural network techniques and tracer kinetic model fitting using the Sourbron two-compartment model to calculate the MR-based GFR (MR-GFR). The NM-GFR was compared to MR-GFR and estimated GFR based on serum creatinine (eGFR) using Pearson correlation coefficient and Bland–Altman analysis. Results: Twenty-one children (7 female, 14 male) were enrolled between February 2017 and May 2018. Data from six of these children were not further analyzed because of deviations from the MRI protocol. Fifteen patients were analyzed (5 female, 10 male; average age 5.9 years); the method was technically feasible in all children. The results showed that the MR-GFR correlated with NM-GFR with a Pearson correlation coefficient (r-value) of 0.98. Bland–Altman analysis (i.e. difference of MR-GFR and NM-GFR versus mean of NM-GFR and MR-GFR) showed a mean difference of −0.32 and reproducibility coefficient of 18 with 95% confidence interval, and the coefficient of variation of 6.7% with values between −19 (−1.96 standard deviation) and 18 (+1.96 standard deviation). In contrast, serum creatinine compared with NM-GFR yielded an r-value of 0.73. Bland–Altman analysis (i.e. difference of eGFR and NM-GFR versus mean of NM-GFR and eGFR) showed a mean difference of 2.9 and reproducibility coefficient of 70 with 95% confidence interval, and the coefficient of variation of 25% with values between −67 (−1.96 standard deviation) and 73 (+1.96 standard deviation). Conclusion: MR-GFR is a technically feasible and reliable method of measuring GFR when compared to the reference standard, NM-GFR by serum 99mTc DTPA, and MR-GFR is more reliable than estimates based on serum creatinine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)698-705
Number of pages8
JournalPediatric radiology
Volume50
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Children
  • Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
  • Glomerular filtration rate
  • Kidneys
  • Nuclear medicine
  • Renal function
  • Serum creatinine
  • Tc diethylenetriamine pentaacetic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prospective pediatric study comparing glomerular filtration rate estimates based on motion-robust dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging and serum creatinine (eGFR) to <sup>99m</sup>Tc DTPA'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this