Prospective randomized open-label multicenter phase I/II dose escalation trial of visilizumab (HuM291) in severe steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis

Daniel C. Baumgart, Stephan R. Targan, Axel U. Dignass, Lloyd Mayer, Gert Van Assche, Daan W. Hommes, Stephen B. Hanauer, Uma Mahadevan, Walter Reinisch, Scott E. Plevy, Bruce A. Salzberg, Alan L. Buchman, Grigor M. Mechkov, Zahariy A. Krastev, James N. Lowder, Matthew B. Frankel, William J. Sandborn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Visilizumab is a humanized IgG2 monoclonal anti-CD3 antibody. We evaluated its safety and dose response in severe intravenous steroid-refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). Methods: In all, 104 patients were treated. In Stage I, 73 patients were randomly assigned to receive intravenous visilizumab 5, 7.5, 10, or 12.5 μg/kg/day for 2 consecutive days. In Stage II, 33 patients received visilizumab at the optimal clinical dose (OCD) of 5 lg/kg/day for 2 days. Symptomatic response and remission were defined by the modified Truelove-Witts severity index. Clinical response and remission were defined by the Mayo score. Results: The rates of symptomatic response at day 15 in the 5, 7.5, 10, or 12.5 lg/kg dose groups were 71%, 70%, 50%, and 61%, respectively, in Stage I and in 54% in Stage II. The symptomatic remission rates were 35%, 5%, 22%, and 11% in Stage I and 18% in Stage II. The rates of clinical response at day 30 in the 5, 7.5, 10, or 12.5 μg/kg dose groups were 71%, 65%, 50%, and 67%, respectively, in Stage I and 55% in Stage II. The clinical remission rates were 6%, 5%, 0%, and 11% in Stage I and 6% in Stage II. All patients experienced adverse events. Serious adverse events included abdominal abscess, cytomegalovirus infection, atrial fibrillation, herpes zoster, and esophageal candidiasis. Conclusions: Treatment with visilizumab induced symptomatic response and clinical response. Results with 5 μg/kg/day were similar to those observed with higher doses (NCT00267306 at www.clinicaltrials.gov).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)620-629
Number of pages10
JournalInflammatory Bowel Diseases
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • Anti-CD3
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • Ulcerative colitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Gastroenterology

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