Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo

B. P. Abbott*, R. Abbott, M. R. Abernathy, R. X. Adhikari, S. B. Anderson, K. Arai, M. C. Araya, J. C. Barayoga, B. C. Barish, B. K. Berger, G. Billingsley, J. K. Blackburn, R. Bork, A. F. Brooks, C. Cahillane, T. Callister, C. Cepeda, R. Chakraborty, T. Chalermsongsak, P. Couvares & 30 others D. C. Coyne, V. Dergachev, R. W.P. Drever, P. Ehrens, T. Etzel, S. E. Gossan, K. E. Gushwa, E. K. Gustafson, E. D. Hall, A. W. Heptonstall, K. A. Hodge, M. Isi, J. B. Kanner, W. Kells, V. Kondrashov, W. Z. Korth, D. B. Kozak, A. Lazzarini, T. G.F. Li, M. Mageswaran, E. Maros, D. V. Martynov, J. N. Marx, G. McIntyre, S. Meshkov, M. Pedraza, A. Perreca, L. R. Price, E. A. Quintero, D. H. Reitze

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

321 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a possible observing scenario for the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We determine the expected sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron-star systems, which are considered the most promising for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90% credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5 deg 2 to 20 deg 2 will require at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ~ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. Should the third LIGO detector be relocated to India as expected, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-39
Number of pages39
JournalLiving Reviews in Relativity
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2016

Fingerprint

LIGO (observatory)
gravitational waves
astronomy
detectors
sky
sensitivity
binary stars
India
neutron stars
planning
bandwidth

Keywords

  • Data analysis
  • Electromagnetic counterparts
  • Gravitational waves
  • Gravitational-wave detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Abbott, B. P. ; Abbott, R. ; Abernathy, M. R. ; Adhikari, R. X. ; Anderson, S. B. ; Arai, K. ; Araya, M. C. ; Barayoga, J. C. ; Barish, B. C. ; Berger, B. K. ; Billingsley, G. ; Blackburn, J. K. ; Bork, R. ; Brooks, A. F. ; Cahillane, C. ; Callister, T. ; Cepeda, C. ; Chakraborty, R. ; Chalermsongsak, T. ; Couvares, P. ; Coyne, D. C. ; Dergachev, V. ; Drever, R. W.P. ; Ehrens, P. ; Etzel, T. ; Gossan, S. E. ; Gushwa, K. E. ; Gustafson, E. K. ; Hall, E. D. ; Heptonstall, A. W. ; Hodge, K. A. ; Isi, M. ; Kanner, J. B. ; Kells, W. ; Kondrashov, V. ; Korth, W. Z. ; Kozak, D. B. ; Lazzarini, A. ; Li, T. G.F. ; Mageswaran, M. ; Maros, E. ; Martynov, D. V. ; Marx, J. N. ; McIntyre, G. ; Meshkov, S. ; Pedraza, M. ; Perreca, A. ; Price, L. R. ; Quintero, E. A. ; Reitze, D. H. / Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo. In: Living Reviews in Relativity. 2016 ; Vol. 19. pp. 1-39.
@article{998ca74b147244de8cf1aa25288ba08a,
title = "Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo",
abstract = "We present a possible observing scenario for the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We determine the expected sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron-star systems, which are considered the most promising for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90{\%} credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5 deg 2 to 20 deg 2 will require at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ~ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. Should the third LIGO detector be relocated to India as expected, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.",
keywords = "Data analysis, Electromagnetic counterparts, Gravitational waves, Gravitational-wave detectors",
author = "Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abernathy, {M. R.} and Adhikari, {R. X.} and Anderson, {S. B.} and K. Arai and Araya, {M. C.} and Barayoga, {J. C.} and Barish, {B. C.} and Berger, {B. K.} and G. Billingsley and Blackburn, {J. K.} and R. Bork and Brooks, {A. F.} and C. Cahillane and T. Callister and C. Cepeda and R. Chakraborty and T. Chalermsongsak and P. Couvares and Coyne, {D. C.} and V. Dergachev and Drever, {R. W.P.} and P. Ehrens and T. Etzel and Gossan, {S. E.} and Gushwa, {K. E.} and Gustafson, {E. K.} and Hall, {E. D.} and Heptonstall, {A. W.} and Hodge, {K. A.} and M. Isi and Kanner, {J. B.} and W. Kells and V. Kondrashov and Korth, {W. Z.} and Kozak, {D. B.} and A. Lazzarini and Li, {T. G.F.} and M. Mageswaran and E. Maros and Martynov, {D. V.} and Marx, {J. N.} and G. McIntyre and S. Meshkov and M. Pedraza and A. Perreca and Price, {L. R.} and Quintero, {E. A.} and Reitze, {D. H.}",
year = "2016",
month = "2",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1007/lrr-2016-1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "19",
pages = "1--39",
journal = "Living Reviews in Relativity",
issn = "1433-8351",
publisher = "Albert Einstein Institut",

}

Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Abernathy, MR, Adhikari, RX, Anderson, SB, Arai, K, Araya, MC, Barayoga, JC, Barish, BC, Berger, BK, Billingsley, G, Blackburn, JK, Bork, R, Brooks, AF, Cahillane, C, Callister, T, Cepeda, C, Chakraborty, R, Chalermsongsak, T, Couvares, P, Coyne, DC, Dergachev, V, Drever, RWP, Ehrens, P, Etzel, T, Gossan, SE, Gushwa, KE, Gustafson, EK, Hall, ED, Heptonstall, AW, Hodge, KA, Isi, M, Kanner, JB, Kells, W, Kondrashov, V, Korth, WZ, Kozak, DB, Lazzarini, A, Li, TGF, Mageswaran, M, Maros, E, Martynov, DV, Marx, JN, McIntyre, G, Meshkov, S, Pedraza, M, Perreca, A, Price, LR, Quintero, EA & Reitze, DH 2016, 'Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo', Living Reviews in Relativity, vol. 19, pp. 1-39. https://doi.org/10.1007/lrr-2016-1

Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo. / Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Abernathy, M. R.; Adhikari, R. X.; Anderson, S. B.; Arai, K.; Araya, M. C.; Barayoga, J. C.; Barish, B. C.; Berger, B. K.; Billingsley, G.; Blackburn, J. K.; Bork, R.; Brooks, A. F.; Cahillane, C.; Callister, T.; Cepeda, C.; Chakraborty, R.; Chalermsongsak, T.; Couvares, P.; Coyne, D. C.; Dergachev, V.; Drever, R. W.P.; Ehrens, P.; Etzel, T.; Gossan, S. E.; Gushwa, K. E.; Gustafson, E. K.; Hall, E. D.; Heptonstall, A. W.; Hodge, K. A.; Isi, M.; Kanner, J. B.; Kells, W.; Kondrashov, V.; Korth, W. Z.; Kozak, D. B.; Lazzarini, A.; Li, T. G.F.; Mageswaran, M.; Maros, E.; Martynov, D. V.; Marx, J. N.; McIntyre, G.; Meshkov, S.; Pedraza, M.; Perreca, A.; Price, L. R.; Quintero, E. A.; Reitze, D. H.

In: Living Reviews in Relativity, Vol. 19, 08.02.2016, p. 1-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abernathy, M. R.

AU - Adhikari, R. X.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Araya, M. C.

AU - Barayoga, J. C.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Berger, B. K.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Blackburn, J. K.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Cahillane, C.

AU - Callister, T.

AU - Cepeda, C.

AU - Chakraborty, R.

AU - Chalermsongsak, T.

AU - Couvares, P.

AU - Coyne, D. C.

AU - Dergachev, V.

AU - Drever, R. W.P.

AU - Ehrens, P.

AU - Etzel, T.

AU - Gossan, S. E.

AU - Gushwa, K. E.

AU - Gustafson, E. K.

AU - Hall, E. D.

AU - Heptonstall, A. W.

AU - Hodge, K. A.

AU - Isi, M.

AU - Kanner, J. B.

AU - Kells, W.

AU - Kondrashov, V.

AU - Korth, W. Z.

AU - Kozak, D. B.

AU - Lazzarini, A.

AU - Li, T. G.F.

AU - Mageswaran, M.

AU - Maros, E.

AU - Martynov, D. V.

AU - Marx, J. N.

AU - McIntyre, G.

AU - Meshkov, S.

AU - Pedraza, M.

AU - Perreca, A.

AU - Price, L. R.

AU - Quintero, E. A.

AU - Reitze, D. H.

PY - 2016/2/8

Y1 - 2016/2/8

N2 - We present a possible observing scenario for the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We determine the expected sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron-star systems, which are considered the most promising for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90% credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5 deg 2 to 20 deg 2 will require at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ~ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. Should the third LIGO detector be relocated to India as expected, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.

AB - We present a possible observing scenario for the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We determine the expected sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron-star systems, which are considered the most promising for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90% credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5 deg 2 to 20 deg 2 will require at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ~ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. Should the third LIGO detector be relocated to India as expected, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.

KW - Data analysis

KW - Electromagnetic counterparts

KW - Gravitational waves

KW - Gravitational-wave detectors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84959257630&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84959257630&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/lrr-2016-1

DO - 10.1007/lrr-2016-1

M3 - Review article

VL - 19

SP - 1

EP - 39

JO - Living Reviews in Relativity

JF - Living Reviews in Relativity

SN - 1433-8351

ER -