Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo

B. P. Abbott*, R. Abbott, M. R. Abernathy, R. X. Adhikari, S. B. Anderson, K. Arai, M. C. Araya, J. C. Barayoga, B. C. Barish, B. K. Berger, G. Billingsley, J. K. Blackburn, R. Bork, A. F. Brooks, C. Cahillane, T. Callister, C. Cepeda, R. Chakraborty, T. Chalermsongsak, P. CouvaresD. C. Coyne, V. Dergachev, R. W.P. Drever, P. Ehrens, T. Etzel, S. E. Gossan, K. E. Gushwa, E. K. Gustafson, E. D. Hall, A. W. Heptonstall, K. A. Hodge, M. Isi, J. B. Kanner, W. Kells, V. Kondrashov, W. Z. Korth, D. B. Kozak, A. Lazzarini, T. G.F. Li, M. Mageswaran, E. Maros, D. V. Martynov, J. N. Marx, G. McIntyre, S. Meshkov, M. Pedraza, A. Perreca, L. R. Price, E. A. Quintero, D. H. Reitze

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

333 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a possible observing scenario for the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We determine the expected sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron-star systems, which are considered the most promising for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90% credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5 deg 2 to 20 deg 2 will require at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ~ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. Should the third LIGO detector be relocated to India as expected, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-39
Number of pages39
JournalLiving Reviews in Relativity
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2016

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LIGO (observatory)
gravitational waves
astronomy
detectors
sky
sensitivity
binary stars
India
neutron stars
planning
bandwidth

Keywords

  • Data analysis
  • Electromagnetic counterparts
  • Gravitational waves
  • Gravitational-wave detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Abbott, B. P. ; Abbott, R. ; Abernathy, M. R. ; Adhikari, R. X. ; Anderson, S. B. ; Arai, K. ; Araya, M. C. ; Barayoga, J. C. ; Barish, B. C. ; Berger, B. K. ; Billingsley, G. ; Blackburn, J. K. ; Bork, R. ; Brooks, A. F. ; Cahillane, C. ; Callister, T. ; Cepeda, C. ; Chakraborty, R. ; Chalermsongsak, T. ; Couvares, P. ; Coyne, D. C. ; Dergachev, V. ; Drever, R. W.P. ; Ehrens, P. ; Etzel, T. ; Gossan, S. E. ; Gushwa, K. E. ; Gustafson, E. K. ; Hall, E. D. ; Heptonstall, A. W. ; Hodge, K. A. ; Isi, M. ; Kanner, J. B. ; Kells, W. ; Kondrashov, V. ; Korth, W. Z. ; Kozak, D. B. ; Lazzarini, A. ; Li, T. G.F. ; Mageswaran, M. ; Maros, E. ; Martynov, D. V. ; Marx, J. N. ; McIntyre, G. ; Meshkov, S. ; Pedraza, M. ; Perreca, A. ; Price, L. R. ; Quintero, E. A. ; Reitze, D. H. / Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo. In: Living Reviews in Relativity. 2016 ; Vol. 19. pp. 1-39.
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abstract = "We present a possible observing scenario for the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We determine the expected sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron-star systems, which are considered the most promising for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90{\%} credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5 deg 2 to 20 deg 2 will require at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ~ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. Should the third LIGO detector be relocated to India as expected, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.",
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author = "Abbott, {B. P.} and R. Abbott and Abernathy, {M. R.} and Adhikari, {R. X.} and Anderson, {S. B.} and K. Arai and Araya, {M. C.} and Barayoga, {J. C.} and Barish, {B. C.} and Berger, {B. K.} and G. Billingsley and Blackburn, {J. K.} and R. Bork and Brooks, {A. F.} and C. Cahillane and T. Callister and C. Cepeda and R. Chakraborty and T. Chalermsongsak and P. Couvares and Coyne, {D. C.} and V. Dergachev and Drever, {R. W.P.} and P. Ehrens and T. Etzel and Gossan, {S. E.} and Gushwa, {K. E.} and Gustafson, {E. K.} and Hall, {E. D.} and Heptonstall, {A. W.} and Hodge, {K. A.} and M. Isi and Kanner, {J. B.} and W. Kells and V. Kondrashov and Korth, {W. Z.} and Kozak, {D. B.} and A. Lazzarini and Li, {T. G.F.} and M. Mageswaran and E. Maros and Martynov, {D. V.} and Marx, {J. N.} and G. McIntyre and S. Meshkov and M. Pedraza and A. Perreca and Price, {L. R.} and Quintero, {E. A.} and Reitze, {D. H.}",
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Abbott, BP, Abbott, R, Abernathy, MR, Adhikari, RX, Anderson, SB, Arai, K, Araya, MC, Barayoga, JC, Barish, BC, Berger, BK, Billingsley, G, Blackburn, JK, Bork, R, Brooks, AF, Cahillane, C, Callister, T, Cepeda, C, Chakraborty, R, Chalermsongsak, T, Couvares, P, Coyne, DC, Dergachev, V, Drever, RWP, Ehrens, P, Etzel, T, Gossan, SE, Gushwa, KE, Gustafson, EK, Hall, ED, Heptonstall, AW, Hodge, KA, Isi, M, Kanner, JB, Kells, W, Kondrashov, V, Korth, WZ, Kozak, DB, Lazzarini, A, Li, TGF, Mageswaran, M, Maros, E, Martynov, DV, Marx, JN, McIntyre, G, Meshkov, S, Pedraza, M, Perreca, A, Price, LR, Quintero, EA & Reitze, DH 2016, 'Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo', Living Reviews in Relativity, vol. 19, pp. 1-39. https://doi.org/10.1007/lrr-2016-1

Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo. / Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Abernathy, M. R.; Adhikari, R. X.; Anderson, S. B.; Arai, K.; Araya, M. C.; Barayoga, J. C.; Barish, B. C.; Berger, B. K.; Billingsley, G.; Blackburn, J. K.; Bork, R.; Brooks, A. F.; Cahillane, C.; Callister, T.; Cepeda, C.; Chakraborty, R.; Chalermsongsak, T.; Couvares, P.; Coyne, D. C.; Dergachev, V.; Drever, R. W.P.; Ehrens, P.; Etzel, T.; Gossan, S. E.; Gushwa, K. E.; Gustafson, E. K.; Hall, E. D.; Heptonstall, A. W.; Hodge, K. A.; Isi, M.; Kanner, J. B.; Kells, W.; Kondrashov, V.; Korth, W. Z.; Kozak, D. B.; Lazzarini, A.; Li, T. G.F.; Mageswaran, M.; Maros, E.; Martynov, D. V.; Marx, J. N.; McIntyre, G.; Meshkov, S.; Pedraza, M.; Perreca, A.; Price, L. R.; Quintero, E. A.; Reitze, D. H.

In: Living Reviews in Relativity, Vol. 19, 08.02.2016, p. 1-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prospects for observing and localizing gravitational-wave transients with advanced LIGO and advanced virgo

AU - Abbott, B. P.

AU - Abbott, R.

AU - Abernathy, M. R.

AU - Adhikari, R. X.

AU - Anderson, S. B.

AU - Arai, K.

AU - Araya, M. C.

AU - Barayoga, J. C.

AU - Barish, B. C.

AU - Berger, B. K.

AU - Billingsley, G.

AU - Blackburn, J. K.

AU - Bork, R.

AU - Brooks, A. F.

AU - Cahillane, C.

AU - Callister, T.

AU - Cepeda, C.

AU - Chakraborty, R.

AU - Chalermsongsak, T.

AU - Couvares, P.

AU - Coyne, D. C.

AU - Dergachev, V.

AU - Drever, R. W.P.

AU - Ehrens, P.

AU - Etzel, T.

AU - Gossan, S. E.

AU - Gushwa, K. E.

AU - Gustafson, E. K.

AU - Hall, E. D.

AU - Heptonstall, A. W.

AU - Hodge, K. A.

AU - Isi, M.

AU - Kanner, J. B.

AU - Kells, W.

AU - Kondrashov, V.

AU - Korth, W. Z.

AU - Kozak, D. B.

AU - Lazzarini, A.

AU - Li, T. G.F.

AU - Mageswaran, M.

AU - Maros, E.

AU - Martynov, D. V.

AU - Marx, J. N.

AU - McIntyre, G.

AU - Meshkov, S.

AU - Pedraza, M.

AU - Perreca, A.

AU - Price, L. R.

AU - Quintero, E. A.

AU - Reitze, D. H.

PY - 2016/2/8

Y1 - 2016/2/8

N2 - We present a possible observing scenario for the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We determine the expected sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron-star systems, which are considered the most promising for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90% credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5 deg 2 to 20 deg 2 will require at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ~ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. Should the third LIGO detector be relocated to India as expected, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.

AB - We present a possible observing scenario for the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detectors over the next decade, with the intention of providing information to the astronomy community to facilitate planning for multi-messenger astronomy with gravitational waves. We determine the expected sensitivity of the network to transient gravitational-wave signals, and study the capability of the network to determine the sky location of the source. We report our findings for gravitational-wave transients, with particular focus on gravitational-wave signals from the inspiral of binary neutron-star systems, which are considered the most promising for multi-messenger astronomy. The ability to localize the sources of the detected signals depends on the geographical distribution of the detectors and their relative sensitivity, and 90% credible regions can be as large as thousands of square degrees when only two sensitive detectors are operational. Determining the sky position of a significant fraction of detected signals to areas of 5 deg 2 to 20 deg 2 will require at least three detectors of sensitivity within a factor of ~ 2 of each other and with a broad frequency bandwidth. Should the third LIGO detector be relocated to India as expected, a significant fraction of gravitational-wave signals will be localized to a few square degrees by gravitational-wave observations alone.

KW - Data analysis

KW - Electromagnetic counterparts

KW - Gravitational waves

KW - Gravitational-wave detectors

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U2 - 10.1007/lrr-2016-1

DO - 10.1007/lrr-2016-1

M3 - Review article

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AN - SCOPUS:84959257630

VL - 19

SP - 1

EP - 39

JO - Living Reviews in Relativity

JF - Living Reviews in Relativity

SN - 1433-8351

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