Protecting unauthorized immigrant mothers improves their children's mental health

Jens Hainmueller*, Duncan Lawrence, Linna Martén, Bernard Black, Lucila Figueroa, Michael Hotard, Tomás R. Jiménez, Fernando Mendoza, Maria I. Rodriguez, Jonas J. Swartz, David D. Laitin

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    48 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The United States is embroiled in a debate about whether to protect or deport its estimated 11 million unauthorized immigrants, but the fact that these immigrants are also parents to more than 4 million U.S.-born children is often overlooked. We provide causal evidence of the impact of parents' unauthorized immigration status on the health of their U.S. citizen children. The Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program granted temporary protection from deportation to more than 780,000 unauthorized immigrants. We used Medicaid claims data from Oregon and exploited the quasi-random assignment of DACA eligibility among mothers with birthdates close to the DACA age qualification cutoff. Mothers' DACA eligibility significantly decreased adjustment and anxiety disorder diagnoses among their children. Parents' unauthorized status is thus a substantial barrier to normal child development and perpetuates health inequalities through the intergenerational transmission of disadvantage.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1041-1044
    Number of pages4
    JournalScience
    Volume357
    Issue number6355
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 8 2017

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

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