We have been studying the factors which permit autoimmune injury to the kidney leading to interstitial nephritis. Nonsusceptible mice develop L3T4+ effector T cells which do not recognize their 3M-1 target Ag, nor produce interstitial lesions in the kidney unless proximal tubular class II MHC Ag expression is increased, for example, by rIFN-γ. Anti-tubular basement membrane/α3M-1-Ab, normally present in such mice after immunization with 3M-1, produce an opposite result by diminishing class II transcription and expression. This unique antibody-ligand interaction on the surface of proximal tubular epithelium secreting 3M-1 serves as a novel protective regulatory response in interstitial parenchyma. The in vitro studies conveyed in this current report suggest that 3/4 M-1-Ab mediate this protective effect by reducing the transcription of mRNA encoding class II gene products. These findings, within the overall complexity of a nephritogenic immune response, demonstrate the important role certain elements may play in maintaining functional nonsusceptibility to autoimmune injury.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - 1989|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy