Protein kinase B/Akt is essential for the insulin- but not progesterone-stimulated resumption of meiosis in Xenopus oocytes

Carsten B. Andersen, Hiroshi Sakaue, Taku Nedachi, Kristina S. Kovacina, Carol Clayberger, Marco Conti, Richard A. Roth*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


In the present study, we have characterized the Xenopus Akt expressed in oocytes from the African clawed frog Xenopus laevis and tested whether its activity is required for the insulin- and progesterone-stimulated resumption of meiosis. A cDNA encoding the Xenopus Akt was isolated and sequenced, and its expression in the Xenopus oocyte was confirmed by reverse transcription PCR and Northern blotting. Using phosphospecific antibodies and enzyme assays, a large and rapid activation of the Xenopus Akt was observed upon insulin stimulation of the oocytes. In contrast, progesterone caused a modest activation of this kinase with a slower time course. To test whether the activation of Akt was required in the stimulation of the resumption of meiosis, we have utilized two independent approaches: a functional dominant negative Akt mutant and an inhibitory monoclonal antibody. Both the mutant Akt, as well as the inhibitory monoclonal antibody, completely blocked the insulin-stimulated resumption of meiosis. In contrast, both treatments only partially inhibited (by approx. 30 %) the progesterone-stimulated resumption of meiosis when submaximal doses of this hormone were utilized. These data demonstrate a crucial role for Akt in the insulin-stimulated cell cycle progression of Xenopus oocytes, whereas Akt may have an ancillary function in progesterone signalling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-238
Number of pages12
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 15 2003


  • Cell cycle
  • Insulin action
  • Phosphatase
  • Progesterone signalling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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