Protein-nucleotide interactions in E. coli DNA topoisomerase I

Hadar Feinberg, Anita Changela, Alfonso Mondragón*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

DNA topoisomerases are the enzymes responsible for controlling and maintaining the topological states of DNA. Type IA enzymes work by transiently breaking the phosphodiester backbone of one strand to allow passage of another strand through the break. The protein has to perform complex rearrangements of the DNA, and hence it is likely that different regions of the enzyme bind DNA with different affinities. In order to identify some of the DNA binding sites in the protein, we have solved the structures of several complexes of the 67 kDa N-terminal fragment of Escherichia coli DNA topoisomerase I with mono- and trinucleotides. There are five different binding sites in the complexes, one of which is adjacent to the active site. Two other sites are in the central hole of the protein and may represent general DNA binding regions. The positions of these sites allow us to identify different DNA binding regions and to understand their possible roles in the catalytic cycle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)961-968
Number of pages8
JournalNature Structural Biology
Volume6
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Genetics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Protein-nucleotide interactions in E. coli DNA topoisomerase I'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this