Peroxisome biogenesis requires that proteins be transported from their site of synthesis in the cytoplasm to their final location in the peroxisome matrix or membrane. Glyoxysomes are a class of peroxisomes found primarily in germinating seedlings and are involved in mobilizing fatty acids via the glyoxylate cycle and the β-oxidation pathway. We have used an in vitro assay to study the mechanism(s) of import of proteins into glyoxysomes. Results from this assay indicate that the transport process is time- and temperature-dependent and is specific for peroxisomal proteins. Isocitrate lyase, a glyoxysomal protein, and the leaf-type peroxisomal enzyme glycolate oxidase (GLO) were transported into pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) glyoxysomes with no apparent differences in efficiency of import. Thus, this in vitro assay appears to be physiologically relevant and correlates well with expected in vivo conditions. Protein import was also energy-dependent and saturable. Nonradiolabeled GLO competed with radiolabeled, in vitro-synthesized GLO for components of the import machinery. Finally, pretreatment of the isolated glyoxysomes with protease virtually abolished subsequent import of GLO. Taken together, these results indicate that a proteinaceous receptor is involved in the import of peroxisomal proteins.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Plant Science