Protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B inhibition disrupts IL13Rα2-promoted invasion and metastasis in cancer cells

Rubén A. Bartolomé, Ángela Martín-Regalado, Marta Jaén, Markella Zannikou, Peng Zhang, Vivian de los Ríos, Irina V. Balyasnikova, J. Ignacio Casal*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Interleukin 13 receptor alpha 2 subunit (IL13Rα2) is overexpressed in glioblastoma (GBM), metastatic colorectal cancer (CRC) and ovarian cancer (OC). Here, we investigated the IL13Rα2 interactome searching for novel targets in cancer invasion and metastasis. Methods: The interactome of IL13Rα2 was determined in GBM by using a proteomic analysis and then validated in CRC and OC. Cell signaling was investigated using siRNA interference, protein tyrosine phosphatase-1B (PTP1B) inhibitors and Western blot analysis. Animal models of GBM and metastatic CRC were used for testing PTP1B inhibitors. Results: PTP1B was identified and validated as a mediator of IL13Rα2 signaling. An in silico analysis revealed that PTP1B overexpression is associated with lower overall survival of patients in the three types of cancer. PTP1B silencing or treatment with Claramine, a PTP1B inhibitor, caused a significant decrease in IL-13-mediated adhesion, migration and invasion of IL13Rα2-expressing cancer cells by inhibiting the dephosphorylation of Src Tyr530 and consequently, the phosphorylation of Src Tyr419, AKT and ERK1/2. In addition, Claramine inhibited EGF-mediated activation of EGFR Tyr1068. In vivo treatment with Claramine caused a total inhibition of liver metastasis in mice inoculated with CRC cells and a significant increase in the survival of mice bearing intracranial GBM patient-derived xenografts. Conclusions: We have uncovered that IL13 signaling through IL13Rα2 requires PTP1B activity and therefore, PTP1B inhibition represents a promising therapeutic strategy in multiple types of cancer, including glioblastoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number500
JournalCancers
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • EGFR
  • Glioblastoma
  • IL13Rα2
  • Metastasis
  • Ovarian cancer
  • PTP1B
  • Src

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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