Pseudotyped adeno-associated viral vectors for gene transfer in dermal fibroblasts: Implications for wound-healing applications

Swathi Balaji, Alice King, Yashu Dhamija, Louis D. Le, Aimen F. Shaaban, Timothy M. Crombleholme, Sundeep G. Keswani*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Cell-specific gene transfer and sustained transgene expression are goals of cutaneous gene therapy. Pseudotyping strategy with adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors has the potential to confer unique cellular tropism and transduction efficiency. We hypothesize that pseudotyped AAV vectors have differential tropism and transduction efficiency under normal and wound conditions in dermal fibroblasts. Materials and methods: Wepackaged AAV2 genome with green fluorescent protein reporter in capsids of other serotypes, AAV5, AAV7, and AAV8, producing pseudotyped vectors AAV2/5, AAV2/7, and AAV2/8, respectively. Murine andhumandermal fibroblasts were transduced by the different pseudotypes for 24 h at multiplicities of infection 102, 10 3, 104, and 105. We assessed transduction efficiency at days 3 and 7. Experiments were repeated in a simulated wound environment by adding 10 ng/mL platelet-derived growth factor-B to culture media. Results: Transduction efficiency of the pseudotyped AAV vectors was dose dependent. Multiplicity of infection 105 resulted in significantly higher gene transfer. Under normal culture conditions, the pseudotyping strategy conferred differential transduction of dermal fibroblasts, with significantly enhanced transduction of murine cells by AAV2/5 and AAV2/ 8 compared with AAV2/2. Adeno-associated virus 2/8 was more efficacious in transducing human cells. Under wound conditions, transduction efficiency of AAV2/2, 2/5, and 2/8 was significantly lower in murine fibroblasts. At day 3 under wound conditions, all vectors demonstrated similar transduction efficiency, but by day 7, the three pseudotyped vectors transduced significantly more murine cells compared with AAV2/2. However, in human cells, there was no significant difference in the transduction efficiency of each pseudotype between normal and wound conditions at both 3 and 7 d. Conclusions: The AAV pseudotyping strategy represents a gene transfer technology that can result in differential transduction of dermal fibroblasts. The differences in transduction efficiency in murine and human dermal fibroblasts in both the normal and wound environment highlight issues with translatability of gene transfer techniques. These data provide a template for using pseudotyped AAV vectors in cutaneous applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)691-698
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
Volume184
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Adeno-associated virus
  • Gene therapy
  • Pseudotyping
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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