Pseudotypes of vesicular stomatitis virus with the envelope properties of mammalian and primate retroviruses

T. J. Schnitzer, R. A. Weiss, J. Zavada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


By employing improved techniques it has been possible to produce and characterize a representative spectrum of mammalian and primate retrovirus pseudotypes of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV). Selection of appropriate cell retroviruses for both the production and subsequent detection of the VSV pseudotypes has been the most important factor in permitting their demonstration. The host range for penetration of these retrovirus pseudotypes of VSV has been defined and found to differ from that reported for the replication of the corresponding retroviruses. Additionally, retroviruses having an identical host range for replication were distinguishable by differences in their host range for penetration, implying that restriction of replication may be occurring by different mechanisms. Studies of the plaque-forming efficiency of retrovirus pseudotypes of VSV in cell lines nonpermissive for replication of the corresponding retro5iruses permitted a distinction to be made between the restriction of replication occurring as a consequence of postpenetration events and that occurring as a consequence of a block to penetration itself. The demonstration of primate retrovirus pseudotypes of VSV permits the use of VSV as a probe for the detection of this group of viruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-454
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of virology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Insect Science
  • Virology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology


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