Psychiatric conditions in patients presenting with Takotsubo syndrome: A systematic review and synthesis of case studies

Allison J. Carroll*, Jack Goergen, Q. Eileen Wafford, James D. Flaherty, Kathleen L. Grady, Kim L. Feingold

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objectives: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe psychiatric presentations observed among Takotsubo syndrome (TS) patients, how psychiatric conditions and associated treatments impact TS events, and how psychiatric conditions are managed alongside TS medical treatment and follow-up. Methods: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Embase, PsycInfo, CINAHL, and Web of Science between 1990 and 2019 for case reports of TS with comorbid psychiatric conditions, behaviors, or substance use. Results: Of 2403 records, we included 243 records comprising 252 total cases. Common psychiatric conditions included depression (n = 98; 39%), anxiety (n = 44, 17%), alcohol use (n = 35, 14%), suicidality (n = 30, 12%), and severe mental illness (n = 25, 10%). Psychiatric conditions were frequently associated with triggering TS events (61%). Less than one-third of cases reported providing psychiatric care during hospitalization (n = 80, 32%). Only 33 cases (13%) described psychiatric functioning at follow-up. All case studies were assessed to be of low quality; patterns of reporting bias were observed. Conclusions: Despite heterogeneous psychiatric presentations among TS patients, psychiatric treatment was rarely incorporated into the medical care or addressed at follow-up. This gap may be better attended to by integrating psychiatrists and psychologists into the multidisciplinary treatment team. PROSPERO registration number: CRD42019119998.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)54-63
Number of pages10
JournalGeneral Hospital Psychiatry
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020


  • Psychiatric treatment
  • Psychopathology
  • Substance use
  • Systematic review
  • Takotsubo syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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